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1945 Theatre Catalog, 4th Edition, Page 147 (125)

1945 Theatre Catalog, 4th Edition
1945 Theatre Catalog
1945 Theatre Catalog, 4th Edition, Page 147
Page 147

1945 Theatre Catalog, 4th Edition, Page 147

Plywood-Plastic Theatres for 16-min. Movies

Morris Sanders Has an Idea on Emphasizing Belief in Pre-Fabrication, 16-mm. Cinemas

Out of the war have come three developments which are probably destined to play important roles in the drama of the motion-picture industry in the coming years: Plywood, plastics, and 16-mm. motion pictures.

None of these things is new. But, although known and used for many, many years, it took the war to raise them to new levels of importance, to eliminate one-time deficiencies, and to perfect new techniques of manufacture and use.

War gave impetus to plywood and plastiCs because of the scarcity and the critical nature of steel, iron, and other materials more normally used in cone struction. And when the Armed Services needed instructional material for the rapid training of many men in the arts and sciences of war, sub-standard motion-picture films and equipment were drafted for a new and important task.

And so it was that, out of the exigencies of war, plywood, plastics, and 16-mm. films advanced more in the past five years than they had in practically all prior time since their original development.

Coincident with these war developments, men have kept in mind the possible outlets for these materials in a peacetime world, and it was not strange at all that all three items converged upon the same thought: public entertainment. And, in view of the fact that, in the public mind in general, these three items carry overtones of temporariness and home use, it is also not strange that the idea of pie-fabrication should have come to pass.

So putting all these factors together, there has developed the idea of pre PLASTIC-PLYWOOD THEATRES for showing of 16mm. entertainment films have been proposed by Morris Sanders, noted New York architect and designer. On this page and the following one are sketches of four variations of the basic theme, set forth at the left below. Here is the most simple of the designs, with

fabricated theatres for 16-min. exhibition, utilizing all the latest advancements in plywood and plastics.

Among the foremost architects who have paid considerable attention to the utilization of waredeveloped and other new material is New Yorle Morris Sanders, consultant on plastics, on product development, and on design. In his work he has been called upon to blend all three of his fields of special endeavor and effect developments in design of proe ducts made from plastics.

From his knowledge and experience, Morris Sanders has developed a firm belief in the future of pre-fabrication, in the future of plastics, and in the future of theatres for showing 16-mm. motion pictures. And to achieve that composite end, he has set his facile brain to work and has come up with the ideas herein presented for the first time to the motion-picture industry.

Before setting forth some of the details of the Sanders idea, it might be well to present a brief resume of what is back of the laminated plastic products such as might be employed in bringing the Sanders theatres to fruition.

Engineeringly speaking, the process is a method of molding plastic-treated layers of material into curved or shaped structures by means of heat and pressure, using a single form. Thus, fibrous and other materials are bonded together by plastic resins which set firme under low pressure and comparatively low temperature. Reinforcing members are formed simultaneously with the molding of the surfaces. The result is a structure lighter and far stronger than if it were made of plastics alone, a structure said to be actually stronger than an equal

weight of steel. The process employs hydraulic pressure, exerted equally in all directions, as contrasted to the highpressure two-die system.

Almost any material is a potential for the plastic reinforcement by this process.' Among the better known materials which have been successfully molded are wood veneer, paper, pulp, sisal, fabrics, Fiberglas, and combinations of two or more of these substances. Fibrous plastics can also be combined with aluminum or steel and simultaneously bonded. The ffsandwichi, type of construction#a lightweight core between two high-strength surface layerseopens up many new possibilities for the process.

The lowepressure plastic molding results in a reinforced laminated plastic product possessing, it is said, these characteristics: (1) Higher strength-toweight ratio than elsewhere obtainable; (2) low die cost, with single molds of non-critical, inexpensive materials made at only a minute fraction of the conventional matching steel dies; (3) compound curvatures are readily produced; (4) materials of different or even opposite characteristics can be bonded together to retain the good points of each; (5) a minimum of equipment and skilled labor is required; (6) the materials are waterproof, warp-proof, insect-proof, and rot proof; and (7) they may be made in appealing colors by adding pigment to the plastic.

In this plasticeconscious age, it is not idle speculation to predict a great future for the low-pressure molding of larger and more complex structures. Designers will enjoy a field day, for this method of forming curved surfaces opens up new vistas for their imaginations. During

little else than a horizontal name sign to denominaie the structure a theatre. However simple it is, it remains, nevertheless, theatrical in concept-and the basic design lends itself excellently to embellishment in the best and most showmanly approved manner. The theatre would be demountable and partially pre-fabricated.


1945 Theatre Catalog, 4th Edition, Page 147