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1945 Theatre Catalog, 4th Edition, Page 176 (154)

1945 Theatre Catalog, 4th Edition
1945 Theatre Catalog
1945 Theatre Catalog, 4th Edition, Page 176
Page 176

1945 Theatre Catalog, 4th Edition, Page 176

War Forces Developments in Use of Cement

The Utilization of Wartime Advancements Valuable in Construction and Decoration

When war called a sudden halt to private building, contemplated construction of new theatres and modernization of existing theatres went into the post-war file. When peace returned and restrictions were lifted on private construction, many people naturally assumed that prewar plans for new buildings would go back on the boards without change#that planning and construction would be resumed where it stopped. This thinking reckoned without the stimulation which the emergency of war gave to all construction.

The vast war-construction program gave structural engineers the opportunity to apply all their knowledgHven compelled its application. Materials were used in new ways. Unusual methods of construction were applied on a vast scale to expedite completion of

THE WILL ROGERS THEATRE, in Chicago, has a modern reinforced concrete interior (left), finished with lightweight concrete masonry selected for its acoustical and decorative properties. The flutes and rustication which comprise the principal details of the exterior walls (right) are architectural concrete farmed against

structures vital to the war program.

As a result construction methods made rapid advances. Thousands of architects, engineers, contractors, and building craftsmen learned short cuts and new skills. Critical shortages of some types of building materials compelled uses of available materials in new ways. And concrete fitted into the war building program in thousands of ways. Except for reinforcing steel and form lumber, there were no critical shortages of concrete materials even at the peak of war construction.

Although concrete had for many years demonstrated its utility as a fire-safe, durable material, capable of brilliant architectural treatment, it took the war to reveal its untouched possibilities as an economical structural material to a vast new host of architects and engineers.



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Concrete has since not only been used for purposes which traditionally called for other materials, but the necessity of speed in completing war structures brought out new techniques in design and construction which, now that peace has returned, will make concrete one of the most economical of all building materials.

Among the relatively new structural uses of concrete, that were perfected and tested during the war, are long span, continuous concrete members, such as rigid frames and thin barrel shell roofs. These uses apply definitely to theatres, auditoriums, churches, gymnasiums, schools, and shops. They produce clear areas without intermediate column supports, improved fire safety, and open up unlimited possibilities for architectural treatment. Such construction is com milled wood molds. The symbolic plaques were pre-cast in concrete and placed in the wall forms. Plain surfaces were painted butt, the rustications a pleasantly contrasting shade of green. Corporation by C. W. and George L. Rapp. (Portland Cement Association photo.)

The theatre was designed for Balaban and Kat:


1945 Theatre Catalog, 4th Edition, Page 176