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1945 Theatre Catalog, 4th Edition, Page 208 (184)

1945 Theatre Catalog, 4th Edition
1945 Theatre Catalog
1945 Theatre Catalog, 4th Edition, Page 208
Page 208

1945 Theatre Catalog, 4th Edition, Page 208

The Maintenance of Hard-Surface Floors

The Proper Housekeeping Methods Prolong Life and Beauty of Hard Floor Coverings

While this writer professes to be something of an authority on floors, after giving them more than twenty years study, his knowledge of theatre floors in particular is limited to the casual observation of a regular theatre-goer. However, there is no logical reason for theatre floors or their problems to differ from those of other public buildings.

The prevailing types of floors in theatres seem to be wood, terrazzo, concrete, marble, quarry and vitreous tile and asphalt tile, and in this article we will confine our subject to these particular floors, stressing more their treatment and maintenance than their structure.


Taking wood first, because it is per haps the most universally used, especially in the auditoriums of the smaller theatres, there is no need to discuss structure. Everybody is sufiiciently familiar with this phase already. Treatment

WOOD FLOORS IN THEATRES have largely given way to decks of other material, parquet floor in Saint but many a smaller theatre still has them. In these Continental Car-Na-Var Carporation photographs, two typical types of wood floors are shown. At the left is a corridor in New York's Little Sisters of the Poor, and, at the right, a


General Manager. Conlinenml Car-Na-Var Corporation, and Editor, Floorcraft

and maintenance seem to be the only problems presented by wooden fioors and these we will cover concisely, as follows:

Of course, wooden fioors should be as smooth as possible, the result of proper sanding when they were first installed. A rough floor can never be maintained very satisfactorily. In fact, it cannot be even swept clean.

After sanding, the wooden floor should be sealed with a reliable floor seal and in the auditorium where utilitarian needs are of more importance than appearance, we would suggest a fipenetrating seal." This is a type of seal with maximum penetrating qualities so as to fill the pores and firmly "anchor" itself to the door. Usually a coat is applied with a mop, allowed to set for about thirty minutes and then the surplus rubbed off with

types of wood floors

over-all decorative scheme.


burlap sacks or other convenient rags. It should dry in about eight hours so that a second coat may be applied and rubbed off in the same manner.

Steel-Wooling each coat of the seal ine sures best results, but since this would be difficult after the seats have been installed, it is not essential

The best fioor seals are made of phenolic resins (Bakelite is a phenolic resin). In appearance they look very much like any other varnish, but they give a much tougher and more Hexible surface. They are slower to dry and therefore not so suitable for seats, but quick drying seals and varnishes are brittle and wear od' quickly under foot traffic. A floor seal which dries in less than eight hours may be regarded with suspicion.

When properly sealed, the problem of maintaining wooden floors is greatly simplified, not to mention the improvement in sanitary conditions, and the fire hazard from cigarettes, matches, etc., is decreased.

Louis's Saint Philomena's Technical School. Both Show how, when properly maintained, the inherent beauty of the grain and finish can be preserved to become part of a theatre's Properly finished floors are easier to maintain.


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1945 Theatre Catalog, 4th Edition, Page 208