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1945 Theatre Catalog, 4th Edition, Page 235 (211)

1945 Theatre Catalog, 4th Edition
1945 Theatre Catalog
1945 Theatre Catalog, 4th Edition, Page 235
Page 235

1945 Theatre Catalog, 4th Edition, Page 235

{Dividends Are Paid in Textile Progress

New Fabrics and New Uses Share Spotlight Because of War's Demand for Better Fibers

From the first, American theatre operators have been conscious of the part textiles play in making the theatre at point of attraction. From the time he covered the bare, unsightly walls of converted stores, added stage drapes and curtains, and put in upholstered chairs and lush carpets, he has been in the fore-front of the users of fabriCS in all forms for artistic embellishment. During the last five years, theatre operators have not been able to carry on, because fabrics, like everything else, had been drafted to do its share in prosecuting a war to its successful conclusion. Despite the war, fundamental developments have come to pass.


The wide variety of materials that are now being used experimentally or commercially for the production of fibers indicated that textile fibers are made of almost everything, natural or synthetic!

Here are a few of the current developments.


War demands have resulted in such a tremendous expansion in the manufacture of nylon that a post-War production of some 23,000,000 pounds is anticipated. Not all this production, however, will go into hosiery, for the manufacturer, the E. I. duPont deNemours and Company, Inc., will make this versatile material available for other useful and decorative applications. Where nylon will especially pioneer is in hangings, upholsteries, slip covers, curtains, and rugse-heavy fabrics with various finishes which give softness, water repellency, and resistance to crushing, snagging, and burning.

The work done on draperies and curtains, however, has been very limited. Sample fabrics in marquisette weaves, as well as in net and lace, have been made. Lightness of weight, Sheerness, and the setting of the fabrics to maintain a clarity of weave or construction contribute to their acceptability. Nylon with the much-desired crinkle effect of typical French hand-looming can be used for slip covers, brocaded drapes, and light, strong rainwear.

The use of nylon in pile fabrics was first used to replace silk as the backing yarn in a transparent velvet, and later it was tried as the pile yarn. Experiments and samples seem to indicate that an inherent moth-proof, crush-proof nylon velvet is a distinct possibility.

One or two small trials showed that nylon could be permanently embossed and set to simulate various types of fur.

Experimental rattan on chairs, after more than two years of all-weather, outdoor exposure, was still smooth, easy to



clean, and retained its coloring.

Nylon rope is less susceptible to water, tougher and stronger than Manila hemp or sisal.

There are, of course, probably many fabrics which can best be made by using nylon in combination with rayon, wool, cotton, silk, or other fibers. While there has been practically no work along this line up to the present time, the future possibilities are many and cannot be ignored.


The American rayon industry is onethird of a century old, and seems destined to continue its expansion and to improve the quality of its products.

Rayon crepe, developed in 1927, opened up one of the largest fields for the fiber. Not only was it found that viscose rayon would crepe satisfactorily, but it could be given a deeper pebble and a greater variety of crepe effects than is possible with silk.

Viscose rayon yarn with a bright luster is used for making satins, brocades, damasks, and other weaves used in upholsteries. Semi-dull viscose rayon goes into bengaline, faille, various crepes, and other weaves where a subdued tone is desired.

A comparatively new development is Fiber G, which does not lose its strength when wet. This is still in the experimental stage, but a small volume has been used commercially.

The use of rayon staple has broadened the textile field considerably. Today rayon staple is employed in carpets and rugs which have the advantages of being naturally moth-proof, rather dirt-resistant, and available in a range of attractive colors. However, rayon pile does have the serious drawback that it is not as resilient as wool and, consequently, footprints have a tendency to hang around.

Acetate lends itself well to special finishes, such as moire, in which a permanent finishenever possible with silk! eis molded into the fabric, and to embossed patterns and permanent pleats. Acetate satins achieve a smooth hand.

Industries confronted with a lint problem adopted fabrics of acetate rayon for uniforms of the light-weight, sharkskin type and for use as wiping cloths.

The use of acetate staple, either alone or blended with other fibers, such as wool, cotton, and viscose rayon, is expanding, offering a broad field for improving the hand and wrinkle resistance and for reducing the shrinkage and stretch. Fabrics of 50-50, acetate-wool blends have been used. Blends of cotton and acetate staple have been produced, with a 35-65 mixture being widely used.

Cellulose acetate, in both yarn and fabric forms, is used extensively in electrical insulation, as coating With various waterproofing compounds is possible.

Rayon staple developed by DuPont, and produced in either straight or crimped form, has been experimentally woven into

FURTHER TESTIMONY on the ruggedness of Saran fabrics is supplied by this Dow Chemical Company photograph, showing u New York subway car re-upholsfered in the new plastic fabric. If Saran (a vinylidene chloride plastic) is able to "take it" under these conditions, notoriously hard on any upholstery material, it should lend itself to extensive use not only in theatre chairs but for any upholstered furniture used.

1945 Theatre Catalog, 4th Edition, Page 235