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1945 Theatre Catalog, 4th Edition, Page 239 (215)

1945 Theatre Catalog, 4th Edition
1945 Theatre Catalog
1945 Theatre Catalog, 4th Edition, Page 239
Page 239

1945 Theatre Catalog, 4th Edition, Page 239

For artificial leather-also called simulated leather or leather clothethe usual bases are cotton fabrics of various weights and textures, depending on the type of article to be manufactured. Fabrics of the heavier grades, such as sateens and fiannels (timoleskinsil), go into upholstery and leather goods. Artificial leather combines toughness and beauty. Such nitro-cellulose-coated products show resistance to fiexing, folding, cold-cracking, abrasion, fire, and other agencies. As a post-war possibility, duPont suggests that artificial leather based on a nylon fabric should interest the manufacturers.


Many materials were developed to meet the storage of rubber and other materials, but it seems likely that they will stay despite the inevitable return of natural rubber and the lifting of other war restrictions. Before the war, lacquertype coatings were widely used, but current researches have largely excluded the standard type of pyroxylin coatings, because other special properties were required of the coated fabrics.


Plexon is an impregnated and coated yarn, employing one of the standard fibers as a base or support. It is manufactured by Freydberg Brothers-Strauss, Inc., with the weaving into cloth being done by the Merlang Manufacturing Company. From the economic point of view, these fibers have not always been the most expedient materials. However, the company claims that the increased production capacity and lowered price of the plastic will greatly reduce the cost of these yarns and enable them to compete with synthetic fibers.

Paraplex Resin

Tent cloth has been developed which, through the use of the new Paraplex resins (products of the Resinous Products and Chemical Company), wears longer, has greater strength, and resists weathering and fungi better than prewar duck. The compound in which the cloth is bathed makes it water-proof by sealing the relatively open weave. By acting as a binder for the dame-proofing

and fungus-proofing agents, it protects

against fire and deterioration. From its early experiences in making both cloth and artificial leather, the L. E. Carpenter Company, in cooperation with Resinous Products and Chemical, devised this type of application.


One of the war-proved materials is Tolex, developed and manufactured by the Textileather Corporation. This plastic Ieathercloth combines colorful smartness with wear-resisting toughness. Tolex is available in many colors and Leatherstone patterns and finishes. Tolex is easy to clean with a damp cloth or cleaning duid. It has shown outstanding ability to resist flexing, abrasion, acids, alkalis, fire, folding and many other destructive forces. Post-war uses for Tolex



include upholstery interior decoration, and "leatherii goods.


Terson (registered trade-mark of the Athol Manufacturing Company) is a formulation for coating cotton, rayon, nylon, and other fibers. The resulting

, Terson fabric possesses fiexibility at high

and low temperatures, water resistance, fire resistance, and toughness. There is no practical limit to the number of shades in which Terson may be manufactured, it may be embossed with a pattern, and its finish is smoother than that of pyroxylin, with surface blemish reduced to the vanishing point. War has proved its utility as an upholstery fabric. On a nylon base, Terson is of excellent texture, particularly free from knots, slubs, and fuzz; of strength and high tear resistance; and light in weight, water-proof, and iiexible. As a base, rayon is also serviceable. Airplane and balloon clothes assume new uses as bases of Terson fabrics.

P. C. Cuvalon

P. C. Cavalon, made by DuPont, consists of a fiame-proofed cotton-cloth base, with a flexible, fire-resistant coating of synthetic resin. The new pliable upholstery material will be available in a range of colors, grains, and finishes when war demands are met.


Another DuPont product, well-established for years, is Fabricoid, which will doubtless continue to be an all-around upholstery material for padded seats and cushions of medium depth.


Plastics have been used to coat and impregnate fabrics, called, by DuPont, Fabrilite. They are flexible, light-weight, and unusually tough. The materials are also resistant to stains, moths, abrasion, cracking, stretching, and shrinking, and afford a high protection against cold, Wind, and dust. However, the fabrics are expected to be utilized mainly in protecting clothing, such as raincoats and capes.


The B. F. Goodrich Company's Koroseal compounds are distinguished by extreme toughness and long flex life. They are non-toxic and will not support combustion. The material can be applied to cotton, silk, viscose rayon, wool, felt, asbestos, and glass-fiber cloth for industrial and other uses. Other representative products in this general group are General Electrics Flamenol and Goodrichis Pliofiex.

Zapon and Keratol

A post-war demand for theatre-seating upholstery will probably obtain for the Atlas Powder Companyis pyroxylin coated fabriCS, Zapon and Keratol.


While not a fabric coating at present, Dow Corning Corporationis Silastic is a silicone rubber to be used as an insulative coating on various materials, including metals and glass or asbestos cloth. Silastic produces flexible, water-proof, heatstable, oil-resistant gaskets, diaphragms, tapes, and electrical insulation.

THIS DURABLE, ATTRACTIVE-LOOKING SEAT has been made more long-lasting by a cloth and Vinyliie plastic combination. The cloth is coated with a flexible Vinyli'le plastic coating and is, consequently, resistant to wear, oils, and dirt. In one tesi, this particular sea! was subiecfed to hard driving in c: taxicab, but if showed no signs of wear. The Vinyliie plastic is c1 product of the Bukeliie Corporaiion, which furnished this photograph.
1945 Theatre Catalog, 4th Edition, Page 239