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1945 Theatre Catalog, 4th Edition, Page 248 (224)

1945 Theatre Catalog, 4th Edition
1945 Theatre Catalog
1945 Theatre Catalog, 4th Edition, Page 248
Page 248

1945 Theatre Catalog, 4th Edition, Page 248

Guicle to Maintenance of Theatre Carpets

A Brief Summation of What Should Be Done To Get the Most from Your Floor Covering

The general problem of carpet maintenance in theatres really falls into four separate divisionsedaily cleaning, periodic check-up of installation factors, periodic surface cleaning, and periodic thorough location cleaning. This article will take up each part of the problem in order and will attempt to give some of the pros and cons about location cleaning methods with the initial reservation that carpet manufacturers cannot take responsibility for the results of any location cleaning technique so far available.


The chief object of the daily cleaning of theatre carpets is the removal of gritty material which has been ground into the pile by foot trafhc. (Figure 1.) This dirt is often embedded in the base of the pile tufts or even between the yarns of the back. It has sharp, knife-edged particles, which can cut the pile tufts if it is continually ground in by foot traffic. The daily removal of such heavy dirt is very important to the durability of any carpet, especially those installed in public places. Thorough vacuuming with a machine of the beater-brush type is recommended daily for all well-traveled areas. Certain tests have shown the superiority of the beater-rotating element vacuum cleaner over straight suction vacuum-cleaner methods, but whatever vacuum-cleaning equipment is used, great care should be taken to maintain it at peak efficiency. The efficiency of the vacuuming equipment largely determines the thoroughness of the dirt removal.

Spilled materials should be removed as soon as possible. Therefore, this is also a part of daily cleaning. The general rule is to remove oily or greasy mate FIGURE 2.-On stairs, an extra length of carpet should be provided at the top of the flight, so that some extra carpet is available for future relaying. This is important in the economy of carpet upkeep.



Institute of Carpet Manufacturers of America, Inc.

rials with solvents, and other materials with water. Water should be used with such things as beverages, food, or other water-soluble materials, and the pile should be blotted dry after cleaning. Daily cleaning of spots by these methods will keep to a minimum color changes in carpets resulting from spillage.

FIGURE l.-Diagram showing how dirt becomes atfixed to carpets: imbedded between the pile loops and between the ends of the loops themselves, as well as on the surface of the pile. Good cleaning practice, of course, removes dirt from all these places.


To proceed to the second phase of our problem, the periodic check-up of certain installation factors, the following checks are recommended by carpet manufacturers as being important in prolonging the life of the carpet:

(I) The shifting of worn areas. As soon as wear is apparent, the carpet should be shifted from the well-traveled areas to the less-frequented areas. Stair

FIGURE 3.-When it is time to relay the stair carpeting, and an extra length has been left, shift the carpet down, so that the worn spots move onto the risers, leaving only fresh carpet for the treads.



carpeting should be moved several inches so that worn carpet on the treads is replaced by the comparatively fresh carpet from the risers. (Figures 2 and 3.)

2. Maintaining of tight carpets. This is especially important on stairs where slackness or buckles may appear. These may be caused by crushed underlays which should be replaced to preserve the cushioning effect. (Figure 4.) Stair noses need to be carefully checked for crushed underlays. Carpet on stair risers, especially when the treads are short, also needs to be carefully checked for protrusion beyond the nose as this usually accentuates damage from heels to carpet on the risers.

Experience has shown that the wear life of a stair carpet may be increased by laying it over a sponge rubber underlay glued to the nose of the step and then a felt pad glued to the tread inside the nose.

(3) Flattening of irregular ridges. Irregular places in the floor must be checked to be sure that the underlay is preserving the evenness of the carpet. (Figure 5.) Some ridges and seams where wear is apparent may have to be covered over.

(4) Repairing of worn places. Badly Worn places, tears or holes must be repaired by sewing in new carpeting. Otherwise they can be covered up with pieces of extra carpeting.


Surface Cleaning

For periodic surface cleaning the recommended cleaner is made of solvent and a dry cleaners soap. A 1/2 to 1 per cent solution of the soap in solvent makes an excellent cleaner for removing spots or

FIGURE 4.-Diagram showing the proper installation of carpet lining on stairs. It is important on stairs that the carpet be tight and that the underlays be properly maintained to preserve their usefulness.

1945 Theatre Catalog, 4th Edition, Page 248