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1945 Theatre Catalog, 4th Edition, Page 536 (510)

1945 Theatre Catalog, 4th Edition
1945 Theatre Catalog
1945 Theatre Catalog, 4th Edition, Page 536
Page 536

1945 Theatre Catalog, 4th Edition, Page 536

FIGURE l.-Pressure points for stopping the flow of blood from external wounds are six, indicated in these drawings. To stop the flow of blood, press on the point nearest the wound, but located between wound and the heart. The theatre manager should make sure that his staff is tirme cognizant with these pressure pointl: one on the leg, one on the arm, and four on the neck and head. To stop bleeding is the tirst thing to do.

scribed fail to check bleeding from one of the limbs should a tourniquet be applied. If it is necessary to use a tourniquet, tell the doctor that you have done so as soon as he arrives. Any fairly wide flat band long enough to go twice around the limb will serve as a tourniquet. A triangular bandage folded in the form of a cravat, a necktie, stocking, or strip of cloth torn from clothing may be used; Do not use cord, rope, or wire.

The two places to apply a tourniquet are (1) a handbreadth below the armpit for bleeding from the arm (Figure 8) and (2) a hand breadth below the groin for bleeding from the thigh or leg. Wrap the tourniquet around the arm or leg over

FIGURE 2.-To stop bleeding of head above the eyes, press iust in front of the ear, as shown in this drawing. The more familiar a person is with these various points, the better for him in cases of emergencies.


a firm (but not hard) pad placed on the inside of the arm to protect the artery and distribute pressure. Several thicknesses of gauze or a folded handkerchief may be used for the pad. Tie the tourniquet with a half knot, and then tie a small stick with a square knot over the first one. Tighten the tourniquet by twisting the stick. Do not twist too hardajust enough to stop the bleeding. Loosen the tourniquet every 15 minutes to let blood circulate in the limb below the tourniquet. Gangrene may develop if the blood supply of the limb is blocked off too long. While the tourniquet is loosened, control bleeding by pressure on the compress over the wound. If severe

FIGURE 3.-Bleeding of cheek below the eyes is stopped by pressing in the notch on the side of the lawbone that is 1 inch to "A inches in front of the angle of the iaw, as shown in this illustration. Constant familiarity with these points and their instant location should be part of every employe's first-aid training.


bleeding does not begin again within one minute after loosening the tourniquet, do not retighten it but leave it in place ready to tighten again in case the bleeding returns. Never cover the tourniquet with bandages or blankets. ,

If a victim is taken to a hospital before a physician arrives, write TK on his forehead with iodine, lipstick, soft pencil, or crayon, and also the time the tourniquet was applied. By doing this, the persons in charge of the victim will know when the tourniquet must next be loosened.

If for any reason severe bleeding cannot be checked by pressure on a pressure point or by the application of a tourniquet, do not hesitate to press with the fingers directly over the bleeding point. Replace the fingers, as soon as possible, with a sterile gauze compress, a freshly laundered handkerchief, or other sterilized material.


Internal. bleeding resultin g from wounds of the internal organs, such as the brain, lungs, stomach, and intestines, cannot be seen. It causes weakness, pallor, faintness, feeble and irregular breathing, and, usually, loss of consciousness. While waiting for a doctor, treat as for shock (which see) but give no stimulants.


Every break in the skin carries with it the danger of infection. Germs may be present on the skin, fingers, clothing, and unclean dressings, and in droplets sprayed from the mouth or nose in sneezing, coughing, laughing, or talking. Do not touch a wound with cloth which is not sterile (free of germs) or with the fingers unless bleeding can be stopped in no other way, and do not cough, sneeze, or breathe into a wound.

The cleansing and disinfection of all serious wounds should be left to the doctor. First aid stops with the checking of the bleeding, the application of a sterile dressing, and measures taken to prevent or lessen the severity of shock.

For small wounds like cuts and scratches, which probably will not be seen by a doctor, first paint the wound with an antiseptic, such as mild tincture of iodine

FIGURE 4.-To stop bleeding from neck or throat, place your thumb against the back of the victim's neck and your fingers in the depression at the side of the windpipe (not over it), with one finger above the wound and one finger below it. Press the fingers and thumb toward each other until the bleeding stops.

1945 Theatre Catalog, 4th Edition, Page 536