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1945 Theatre Catalog, 4th Edition, Page 539 (513)

1945 Theatre Catalog, 4th Edition
1945 Theatre Catalog
1945 Theatre Catalog, 4th Edition, Page 539
Page 539

1945 Theatre Catalog, 4th Edition, Page 539

ternally, since it hastens the absorption of the poison.

Iodine-Give several glassfuls of a thin paste of starch in water or flour in water and induce vomiting until the vomited material no longer has a blue color.


The purpose of the first-aid treatment of burns is (1) to relieve pain, (2) to prevent infection in all burns in which the skin is broken, and (3) to prevent loss of tissue fluid in extensive burns. Shock nearly always develops when large areas of skin are burned (see

1 Shock).

For small minor burns characterized by reddened unbroken skin or surface blisters, apply a paste of baking soda in water or sterile petrolatum and cover the burned area with a sterile gauze dressing.

For severe burns-deep burns and all extensive burns-get medical aid as quickly as possible. Contamination with germs from the mouth and nose is responsible for most serious burn infections. In giving emergency treatment, tie a piece of gauze or any clean cloth of suitable length over the mouth and nose to serve as a mask. If material for a cloth mask is not available, keep the mouth closed. Cover the burned area with a liberal amount of sterile petrolatum using a sterile (boiled) flat instrument as a spreader. Over the petrolatum lay strips of sterile gauze. Then apply a smooth thick layer of sterile gauze and bandage the entire dressing firmly in place. Keep the victim quiet and comfortably warm until the doctor arrives.

Chemical Burns

Chemical burns are caused by chemicals such as strong acids and alkalis. Immediately strip off all clothing which has come in contact with the chemical and flood the skin with large quantities of clean Water. Then give first aid according to the degree of the burn. If there has been any delay in giving first aid, do not' use water. Get medical aid at once.


Unless all the circumstances are known, it is sometimes very dimcult to determine the cause of unconsciousness. Certain cases, notably skull fracture, apoplexy, and drunkenness, are frequently confused. If a person found unconscious smells of alcohol, for example, he may be treated as a case of common drunkenness, whereas actually he may have had a stroke of apoplexy or suffered a skull fracture. In all doubtful cases, keep an unconscious person lying down, warm, and quiet until medical aid can be obtained.

Some common causes of unconsciousness follow.


Fainting usually results from some emotional shock, such as fear or bad news, but may accompany slight injuries, the sight of blood, exposure to overheated rooms, a want of food, or fatigue.



A person about to faint becomes dizzy and weak and turns pale. He either sinks into a chair or falls unconscious.

FIRST AIDeIf you notice that a person is going to faint, you can sometimes revive him by bending his head down between his knees. If he does not improve, lay him flat on his back and lower his head by shoving a folded coat or blanket under his hips or by raising his feet and legs. Loosen all clothing around his neck and waist. See that he gets plenty of fresh, cool air. Hold smelling salts or a handkerchief containing a few drops of aromatic spirits of ammonia under his nose every minute or two. When consciousness returns, the person should continue to lie quiet for a while before getting up. If the faint lasts for more than 'a few minutes send for a doctor.


Apoplexy is commonest in elderly people. It is caused by the rupture of a blood vessel in the brain.

The victim is unconscious and snores in breathing. His face is usually red and his pulse strong but slow. The pupils of the eyes are usually unequal in size, and one side of the body or one limb is more limp than the other. The mouth may be drawn to one side.

FIRST AID-Send for a doctor. Lay the victim on his back and raise his head and shoulders. Apply cold cloths or an ice bag to his head. If the victim vomits, turn his head to one side so that he will not choke. Do not give stimulants.

Epilepsy (Fits)

The cause of epilepsy is not known.

At the beginning of an epileptic fit the victim falls forcibly and loses consciousness. He may stOp breathing momentarily and turn blue. The fit is marked by strong jerking movements of some or all of the muscles, and often there is frothing at the mouth. The blue color quickly passes off.

FIRST AID-Send for a doctor. Do not try to restrain the victims movements more than is necessary to prevent him from hurting himself. Lay the victim on his back and loosen any tight clothing. Place a cloth pad or small stick 'wrapped in cloth between his teeth to keep him from biting his tongue. Remove anything from his mouth which might choke him. Keep him warm with blankets or coats. Do not give artificial respiration during the blue stage.


Unconsciousness of two quite different types may occur in diabetes. Persons

FIGURE 9.-Fixed-traction splints help to keep the broken ends of the bone apart and in line to prevent iniury to the soft tissues. Top right shows a splint for a broken forearm or wrist and a sling (upper, center) to support it. Upper right shows splint and sling for a broken upper arm. Middle is seen a splint for a broken leg. Bottom is the splint for a broken thigh. Splints, when needed, should be applied by a physician orian expert.


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1945 Theatre Catalog, 4th Edition, Page 539