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1945 Theatre Catalog, 4th Edition, Page 540 (514)

1945 Theatre Catalog, 4th Edition
1945 Theatre Catalog
1945 Theatre Catalog, 4th Edition, Page 540
Page 540

1945 Theatre Catalog, 4th Edition, Page 540

FIGURE lO.*The triangular bandage is a convenient item of first-aid equipment. At left is shown the first position for adjustment of such a bandage to make a comfortable sling, and at the right is the completed sling for a fractured collarbone. Triangular bandages should be part of every first-aid kit, and all employes should be trained to become as expert as possible in their use, not only as slings but as bandages for various parts of body.

with diabetes often carry a diabetic identification card and a lump or two of sugar. If a diabetic is found ill, give him sugar or sweetened fluids, and if this does not cause definite improvement within 15 minutes, call a doctor.


A fracture, or broken bone, when there is no break in the skin, is a simple fracture. When there is a wound extending from the fracture to the surface of the skin, the injury is a compound fracture. Careless first-aid handling of a simple fracture increases the danger of shock, and may cause the splintered ends of the broken bone to cut through the tissues and skin, thus causing a compound fracture.

Fractures of the Arms and Legs

The victim complains of pain at the point of the break, and the pain is more severe on pressure or movement. He may not be able to move the limb. The broken ends of bone may be overlapping noticeably, or the injured limb may be shorter or bent when compared with the uninjured side. Swelling is usually marked and appears quickly.

FIRST AID*When in doubt, handle the injury as a fracture. Send for a doctor. Keep the victim lying down and warm to combat shock. Stop severe bleeding if it is present, and then cover the wound with a sterile dressing. If it is necessary to move the victim, the limb must be splinted to keep the broken ends of the bone from moving about and doing further damage.


Fixed-traction splints are now considered to be the most effective splints for fractures of the limbs. Traction, or pull, at the end of a broken limb, when properly exerted by a fixed-traction splint, helps to keep the broken ends of the bone apart and in line and to prevent


further injury to the soft tissues. However, fixed-traction splints, unless applied by a physician or trained first-aid worker, may do more harm than good.

If you have not received the necessary

[training or if fixed-traction splints are

not available or cannot be improvised, use ordinary splints. Any rigid material *a light board or broom handle, for example-which is long enough to reach beyond the joints above and below the break will serve as a splint. Often a pillow or folded blanket can be used to splint a broken forearm or lower leg; a magazine or several layers of newspaper will serve as a splint for a broken forearm. The splint should be well padded with cloth or cotton on the side that goes next to the injured limb. Bandage the splint firme but gently to the injured limb, but do not place bandages over the point of the fracture. (Figure 9.)

Fractured Collarbone

As the victim stands or sits straight, the shoulder on the injured side may hang much lower than the other shoulder.

FIRST AID#Place a large pad under the armpit. Make a triangular sling (Figure 10) from a piece of cloth about 3 feet square. Support the arm on the injured side by the sling. Take the victim to a doctor.


This injury is extremely serious. Wrong handling may result in damage to the spinal cord, thus causing permanent paralysis.

Pain in the neck or back may be the only symptom. If the victim cannot move his fingers, his neck is probably broken. If he can move his fingers but not his feet and toes, his back is probably broken. Nevertheless, the victim may be able to move both his hands and feet and yet have a spinal fracture.

FIRST AIDeSend for a doctor at once. Do not move the victim unless ab THEATRE

solutely necessary. Keep him warm with blankets or coats and external heat. Do not let him try to sit up, and do not lift his head, even to give him a sip of water.

If the victim of a broken neck must be moved he should be transported face upward on a door, a wide board 5 feet or more in length, a shutter, or a similar rigid support.

If the victims back is broken, he should be transported on the rigid support face downward.

If the location of the spinal injury is unknown, transport him face upward.

Two or more persons will be needed to place the victim in the correct position onto the board or door. His body must be moved as a unit, with no tilting forward or backward of the head in case of neck fracture, and with no bending of the back in case of fracture of the spine below the neck. Transportation must be accomplished without jolts or jars, and the victim must be kept warm during the process.

Skull Fracture and Concussion of the Brain i

If a person has received a severe blow on his head or has been knocked unconscious even for a very short time, a fracture of the skull or brain concussion should be suspected. Even though the victim of a severe blow on the head is conscious and no wound or bruise can be seen, he must be handled as a case of skull fracture or concussion of the brain.

FIRST AIDaSend for a doctor. Lay the victim on his back, with the head slightly elevated. Keep him warm and quiet. Give him nothing by mouth. Check severe bleeding, if present, by placing a gauze compress over the wound.


In dislocations, the joint looks out of shape when compared with a similar joint, and its motion is limited.

FIRST AIDaSend for a doctor. Do not try to put the bone back in place except in dislocations of the finger and lower jaw. For all other dislocations, as of the shoulder, elbow, knee, or hip. merely support the joint in a comfortable position. For pain, apply cloths frequently wrung out in very cold water.

Dislocated Finger

Face the injured person and pull the end of the finger toward you. With the thumb and forefinger of the other hand, gently press on the dislocated joint until the bone slips into place. If the first attempt is not successful, see a doctor. Do not try to replace a dislocation of the joint at the base of the thumb.

Dislocated Jaw

Wrap your thumbs in several thicknesses of cloth to protect them from the victims teeth. Then put your covered thumbs into the injured persons mouth, resting them on his lower teeth well back on each side, and graSp the jaw under the chin with your fingers. Press first downward and then backward with the thumbs, and upward under the jaw with

1945 Theatre Catalog, 4th Edition, Page 540