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1945 Theatre Catalog, 4th Edition, Page 541 (515)

1945 Theatre Catalog, 4th Edition
1945 Theatre Catalog
1945 Theatre Catalog, 4th Edition, Page 541
Page 541

1945 Theatre Catalog, 4th Edition, Page 541

the fingers. As the jaw closes, slip your thumbs off the teeth to the inside of the cheeks, so they will not be caught between the teeth when the jaw springs into place.



When the ligaments supporting a joint or connecting bones are torn, a sprain is the result. There is pain, swelling, and usually discoloration. What seems like a bad sprain may be a fracture. Therefore, a doctor should be called for a sprain, unless it is slight.

FIRST AID*Raise the injured joint, so that it will get less blood. Apply cold cloths or ice packs for several hours.


A strain is like a sprain, but it is the muscles, not the ligaments, which are injured.

Relieve the pain by putting the part to rest. The application of heat and light massage (rubbing the limb upward toward the body) are helpful. For a severe strain consult a doctor.


A bruise is an injury usually caused by a fall or a blow. The skin is not broken, but the tissues under the skin are injured, resulting in the breaking of small blood vessels.

Signs of bruises are pain, swelling, and black-and-blue marks. A black eye is a bruise.

Apply cloths wrung out in cold water or ice packs to relieve the pain and swelling. If the blow was severe, have a doctor examine the injured person.



Boils result from an infection of the hair pits or oil glands in the skin. The germs responsible are especially apt to get a foothold on a skin surface constantly irritated by the rubbing of clothingh the neck, armpits, and buttocks, for example. Hot salt-water applications may be used to relieve pain. A doctor should always be consulted for a severe boil.


A doctor should be consulted as soon as possible for earache or for a discharging ear. Loss of hearing or mastoid infection may result if you neglect this. If there



is delay in getting a doctor, the pain may be relieved by applying an ice bag or hot-water bottle.

Foreign Bodies

In the Ear-Children sometimes put buttons, beans, or other small objects into the ear. Always have a doctor remove them, unless they drop out readily. If an insect enters the ear, put a drop or two of castor oil or sweet oil into the ear and see a doctor. Do not try to remove wax from the ears by poking with sharp instruments, such as matches, toothpicks, or hairpins. If wax is troublesome, consult a doctor.

In the EyFA cinder, particle of dirt, or other foreign body lodged on the surface of the eyeball or eyelid may cause great distress. The greatest care should be used in removing it.

Instruct the victim not to rub the eye. Have him close it gently, in the hope that the tears may wash the speck out, or into view, so that it can be removed with the corner of a clean handkerchief. If this does not work, flush the eye with clean water or boric acid solution from an eye dropper. If still unsuccessful, press the lower lid down and look for the speck. If it can be seen, remove it gently with the corner of a clean handkerchief. If the speck cannot be seen or is embedded in the upper eyelid or on the eyeball, consult a doctor. A little sterile olive oil, mineral oil, or castor oil dropped into the eye after a speck has been removed is soothing.

If the eye is wounded by a foreign body like a splinter of glass, metal or wood, or by a particle blown into it with great force, lightly bandage both eyes and get medical aid at once.

If acid, lime, or any other *chemical enters the eye, immediately wash out the chemical then and there with great quantities of clean water. Do not use water if there has been any delay in giving first aid. Get medical aid at once.

In the Nose-Children may poke small objects up the nose as well as into the ears. If the object can be seen, it can usually be removed without much trouble, but if the first attempt is unsuccessful, see a doctor. The nose should not be blown forcibly.

In the WindpipeaSee Choking.

Swallowed ArticlesaIf a person has swallowed some sharp article, like a piece of broken glass or a pin, consult a doctor. Do not give a laxative.

Insect Bites

The bite or sting of such insects as bees, mosquitoes, dies, or spiders often causes swelling and infiammation. To relieve the discomfort, apply weak ammonia water or a paste of baking soda and water.


Slight nosebleed does no harm and usually stops by itself. Pressing the nostrils together for four or five minutes may help. Do not blow the nose for a while after the bleeding stops.

If bleeding continues, call a doctor at once. While waiting for him, put the victim in a chair and loosen his collar. Apply cloths wrung out in cold water

. over his nose. It may also help to plug

with a bit of cotton the nostril from which the blood is coming.

Always call a doctor for nosebleed in babies or old people.


Go to your dentist as soon as possible. If a tooth starts aching at night or a dentist cannot be consulted immediately, the following measures may give temporary relief from pain. If there is a cavity in the tooth, pack it with a bit of cotton moistened with oil of cloves. If there is no cavity, apply heat or cold to the outside of the jaw.


A metal cabinet, containing the following minimum equipment, placed in a conspicuous location and under the definite supervision of some member of the organization who has had first-aid training, is suggested.

Individual package-type sterile dress ings.

Individual package-type finger dressings-ll/z-inch compresses.

Individual package-type 3-inch compresses (also a few 4 by 6-inch).

Assorted gauze roller bandages of various widths.

Triangular bandages.


Scissors, pair.

Absorbent cotton, package or roll.

Splints of yucca or similar material,

Aromatic spirits of ammonia, individual ampoules.

Iodine, individual ampoules.

Adhesive tape, safety pins, and any special equipment for the particular type of treatment found necessary in the theatre.

1945 Theatre Catalog, 4th Edition, Page 541