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1947-48 Theatre Catalog, 6th Edition, Page 162 (150)

1947-48 Theatre Catalog, 6th Edition
1947-48 Theatre Catalog
1947-48 Theatre Catalog, 6th Edition, Page 162
Page 162

1947-48 Theatre Catalog, 6th Edition, Page 162





FIGURE ZSeThe steppings in the aisle should be depressed 3 inch for carpet, and carpet strips

installed at the angle of each tread and riser.

A wood carpet strip the full height and bolted to

the face of the riser is more expensive but provides the best fastening and will result in less wear on the carpet. Steps should fill the entire width between seat standards on either side of the aisle.

Both the observation and the projection ports should be closed with glass in adjustable frames. A good grade of optical glass should be used for the pro jection port and this glass should be in a frame which can be adjusted to be normal to the projection angle, and be easily removed for daily cleaning. Figure 25 gives one solution of this problem. The observation ports should be closed with a good grade of plate glass, set in a frame which will permit the glass to be cleaned easily on both sides. If the glass is tilted slightly from the perpendicular, it will overcome reflections and improve the view of operator. (See Figure 26.)

If spotlights are contemplated, the ports for this equipment will be much larger as the spots must pivot horizontally and vertically to cover the entire stage. No separate observation port is necessary in this case. The spotlight opening should be closed by means of polished wire glass set in removable stops. Since this opening is necessarily large, the glass should be set in a frame with metal stops, without provision for hinging, and it will be necessary to clean the one side by use of a ladder, and so forth.

When effect machines or stcrcopticons are installed, these require specially shaped openings, the sizes of which should be obtained from the manufacturer of the equipment.

All projection and observation openings must be protected on the projection room side with safety shutters of steel or transitc board which will close automatically in case of a fire in one of the machines or elsewhere in the booth.

These shutters are held in the open position by means of an arrangement of cords and fusible links. A metal shaft above the openings and the length of the front wall of the booth is installed in ball-bearing hangers. The shaft has pegs inserted over the center of each opening from which the safety shutter is hung by means of a cord or wire with a fusible link. Each cord is looped over the proper peg in the shaft. On one end of the shaft is a counterweighted arm normally held in position, so the loops are secure on the pegs, by means of an arrangement of cords and pulleys with the cord running over the center of the machines and broken with fusible links at each machine. When the cord is severed, the counterweight will drop and the loops will slip off the pegs allowing all safety shutters to fall into a closed position. Provision for manually dropping the shutters should also be made at each exit from the booth. The safety shutters on spot light and other large openings should be counters Weighted.

Other Details

Mechanical and gravity ventilation is required in the booth proper, with one system directly connected to the lamphouses.

Wiring diagrams for sound and projection should be obtained from the manufacturer of the equipment. Convenient outlets should be installed in the front wall of the booth, at each machine location for connecting trouble lights and soldering iron, unless these are provided on the equipment.

Although not always compulsory by the governing codes, two exits at oppo site ends of the booth should be prod vided for the safety of the operators Special Rooms

A separate rewind and film storageroom should be provided, also generator and rheostat room. Placing of the generator should allow suiiicient clearance from walls to allow the removal of themotor and the generator from the base. Provide large gravity ventilation dis rectly over generators and over therheostat bank to dispel the heat.

If a separate rewind room is installed, this should be equipped with an observation port to enable the operator to check the picture when he is away from the machine.

An adjacent toilet for the operators is desirable and in some localities either a code or a union requirement.


The entrance to the ladies and menis retiring rooms and toilets should be. separated and screened from each other. Sometimes the plan will develop so that these areas are located on opposite sides of the theatre, or one on the orchestra door and one in the basement, or the mezzanine, directly above or below the other.

If the exigencies of the plot and plan suggest that both should be on the level below the orchestra floor, a common lounge between is good planning, provided, of course, the budget will cover the additional cost. Such a lounge can be tastefully decorated and can have facilities for dispensing candy, popcorn and soft drinks, and perhaps a juke box for the entertainment of patrons who Wish to wait for friends or for the start of the feature picture.

Ladies' Suite

In any case the ladies, suite should have, in addition to the toilet room itself, an ante-room sometimes called a powder or cosmetic room, equipped with make-up mirrors and shelves, chairs and a sofa, and incidental pieces such as side tables and standing lamps to enhance the decorations.

Ash trays should be plentifully supplied with a sand urn immediately adjacent to the entrance to receive unfinished cigarettes when the ladies leave. The small or table type ash trays should be bolted securely to the tables or stands to preclude the necessity of frequent replacement.

The walls of this room should be covered with some material which does not. soil easily and from which the. lipstick can easily be removed. The new glass 01' plastic fabrics which will soon he obtainable in a variety of patterns and colors lend themselves to this purpose.

This room should be well lighted but of the type that will be complimentary to the ladies make-up. This result can be accomplished with tinted bulbs and the proper colored lamp shades.

If a special emergency room is not provided in the theatre, there will be occasions when this room will have to serve this purpose for lady patrons who become ill, therefore one sofa should be large enough so the patient can rcclinc at full length. This suggestion may appear to be a tritie farfetchcd to the uninitiated but the instances when such accommodations have been used for

1947-48 Theatre Catalog, 6th Edition, Page 162