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1947-48 Theatre Catalog, 6th Edition, Page 223 (209)

1947-48 Theatre Catalog, 6th Edition
1947-48 Theatre Catalog
1947-48 Theatre Catalog, 6th Edition, Page 223
Page 223

1947-48 Theatre Catalog, 6th Edition, Page 223

Typical is the experience of some fifty RKO theatres scattered across the country. As carpet wore out and could not be replaced, asphalt tile was installed in these houses, often over the protests of house managers. But, as time passed, managers, found that their floor maintenance, cleaning, and replacement problems were not as acute as they had been. When carpets became available again, and it was proposed to replace the tile with carpet, most of the managers asked that the tile remain.

tfRough fioor surfaces are difficult to maintain and keep clean and thus are not desirable for general indoor use," says the National Bureau of Standards. ftHence, smooth-surfaced materials are extensively used as floor coverings?

Such iiooring includes asphalt tile, rubber tile, cork tile, and linoleum. These are smooth-surfaced and resilient. Ceramic tile, terrazzo, and hardwood are smooth-surfaced but not as resilient as the others.

The various types of tile fiooring are most popular, because they are easy to lay, replacement due to damage through severe accident or unusual abuse is not expensive, and individualized effects in colors and designs are more readily achieved with them than with other


Because it embodies virtually all of the desirable qualities required from a flooring material, asphalt tile is looked upon by architects as the solution to the bulk of fioor problems.

Asphalt tile was first manufactured around 1920, in dark colors only, and therefore was somewhat limited in its usage at first. Since then, however, many developments have taken place in the product, and with the addition of lighter colors, it has found countless new applications.


The material is made with asbestos, mineral coloring pigments and asphalt or asphaltic resins as its principal ingredients and hence is highly fireresistant, moisture resistant and resilient.

It is manufactured in several standardized sizes in both 1/3 and 3/16-inch thicknesses. The most popular size of field tile is 9x9 inches. There is a Wide choice of colors, both plain and marbleized, manufactured as follows:

Group A, plain colors only: Black and dark red.

Group B, marbleized colors only: Background colors of black, dark brown, and dark red, mottled with any one or more of the following: White, red, yellow, and green.

Group C, plain colors: Dark green, light green, light gray, light red, medium red. tan, and buff; marbelized colors: seven background colors corresponding to these plain colors and mottled with any one or more colors to make seven color patterns.

Group D, plain colors: Cream, white, and blue; marbelized colors: three background colors corresponding to these plain colors and mottled with any one or more colors to make three color patterns.

From the foregoing it can be seen that virtually any desired decorative idea can be developed in squares, rectangles,


THE FIRST STEP in the making of marbleized patterns of asphalt tile is th. preparation of the mottlo colors. Color pigments and binders for the mottle colors are blended in a steam-heated mixer which is being emptied in the top picture. Mottle colors are manufactured separately and are added to the background color to produce marbleized effect. Pleasing patterns are made by combining various tiles.

5FTER THE ASPHALT BLANKET has passed through the finishing calenders (center). it is cooled by a yet of yvater. Ithas now been rolled to proper thickness (here 3-inch gauge). The final calendaring also gives the tile its smooth surface. While still hot, the tile is given a coat of wax. In the bottom picture, the tile is passing an inspector who looks for imperfections in color of the surface and body.
1947-48 Theatre Catalog, 6th Edition, Page 223