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1947-48 Theatre Catalog, 6th Edition, Page 279 (265)

1947-48 Theatre Catalog, 6th Edition
1947-48 Theatre Catalog
1947-48 Theatre Catalog, 6th Edition, Page 279
Page 279

1947-48 Theatre Catalog, 6th Edition, Page 279

size of the yarn, must be coordinated to produce a fabric which combines a luxurious "feel" with a long, wearresistant life.


Perhaps now you are wondering how you can preserve the beautiful appearance of these quality products of the carpet-weavers art and to secure from them the maximum wear value. \

Knowing that no carpet or rug is any better than the ultimate service it renders, the Mohawk Carpet Mills has prepared this summary describing some of the characteristics of the product and also including suggestions as to its care and maintenance. It is offered at this time with the belief that the material contained herein will serve to answer the majority of questions that may arise from time to time.


The first few times a new wool floor covering is cleaned, concern may arise over the apparently large amount of wool fiuif which the cleaner has picked up. This is a very natural condition in all new wool floor coverings. It is brought about in two ways. Carpet yarns are composed not only of different types of wool but various lengths of staple (wool fibres). Regardless of how thorough we are in the shearing process a number of the short fibres obstinately remain in the face of the carpet. These work to the surface and are picked up by your cleaner. Also there may be a lack of moisture in the carpet when it arrives in your home.

Quite frequently rugs or carpets remain in dealers, warehouses in their original containers for some time, and consequently lose a certain amount of their natural moisture. But your carpet starts to re-absorb moisture from the atmosphere as soon as it is laid on the floor, so fluffing or shedding for this reason is only temporary.

The loss of this fuzz does not hurt the carpet in any way even though many people are inclined to think that their floor covering is slowly ticoming apart? The total amount of wool lost in this manner during the life of the fabric is infinitesimal and in no way lessens the life of the rug.


Once in a while threads can be noticed protruding above the surface of the pile. These may be either extra long ends of tufts or pieces of backing material that have worked through to the surface. Or in an exceptional instance, it might be that one of the tightly twisted tufts in a twist weave fabric unraveled for some reason or another. These ends should always be clipped off level with the pile surface, using a pair of scissors, Never pull them out!

Missing Tufts

When a carpet leaves the loom it is still unfinished. Before it can be sent out as perfect, it must pass through certain finishing processes and a fmal inspection. in spite of the most rigid inspections that wool floor coverings undergo, it is possible for some to leave the mill without all the necessary tufts. To the average customer this means a "hole" in the rug, hence a serious com 1 947-48 THEATRE CATALOG

plaint. In reality this condition is easily remedied by the dealer, who will secure yarn of the proper color and replace the missing tufts by hurling in the yarn.

Pile Crushing or Shading

Pile crushing or shading is a characteristic of all pile floor coverings. It is indicative of good quality, since the condition is more noticeable in worsted fabrics and high pile wool qualities. Many persons unfamiliar with this subject sometimes think that their floor coverings contain faded spots. A faded spot will always appear the same when viewed from all sides, whereas a shaded area will appear alternately light and dark depending on whether one is facing the ends or the lay of the tufts. Also since the best and fastest dyes known to science are used in carpet manufacturing, there is little likelihood that your wool floor covering has faded.

For instance, when a carpet is taken from the loom, the tufts forming the pile surface are nearly vertical, but as soon as the fabric is put into service some of these tufts begin to slant in different directions, due to the pressure of foot traffice or the movement of heavy furniture. Consequently light is re fiected from the sides of the wool fibres instead of the top. These shiny sides

have a tendency to reflect light rather than absorb it, which accounts for the difference in appearance in certain areas of the carpet.

While there is no permanent solution to this condition, we can offer a few suggestions for temporary relief. First make sure that the lay of the pile is pointed away from the light. Also a good rug cushion helps to prevent exs cessive flattening of the pile. Reversing your rugs at frequent intervals will help to keep this condition to a minimum. Occasionally continual light sweeping with a broom will correct the wrong slant of the tufts. Wet shampooing is sometimes effective, but should be done only by professional cleaners. Also sometimes the application of a hot iron on a damp cloth over the affected area will help to bring the tufts back to a more normal position. The thing to remember is that shading or crushing is not a weaving defect.


tegardless of where you live or how often and carefully your floor coverings are cleaned, they are sure to absorb a certain amount of soil, which naturally causes a slight change in the appearance of the fabric. This soil is due partly to the dirt which is carried onto the

TAPESTRY CARPET (often called a hooked type) gives unusual wear on account of the uncut loops and the hooked form. The use of heavy you-n will furnish a depth 01 pile and. also allow for variety in the height of the loops to form special texture effects. The cross-section diagram.shows a two-shot tapestry with three stufler warps. This is similar to velvet, except for the uncut pile loops.
1947-48 Theatre Catalog, 6th Edition, Page 279