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1947-48 Theatre Catalog, 6th Edition, Page 280 (266)

1947-48 Theatre Catalog, 6th Edition
1947-48 Theatre Catalog
1947-48 Theatre Catalog, 6th Edition, Page 280
Page 280

1947-48 Theatre Catalog, 6th Edition, Page 280

VELVET CARPET has all surface yam doing its full duty as it is held firmly in the back construction and is not buried too deeply in the fabric. The usual construction is a tightly woven pile of comparatively short length intended to give maximum service. Cross-section shows a two-shot velvet with two stutter warps. The surface yarns are dyed on printing drums, according to the desired pattern.

carpet by foot traffic, and not thoroughly removed by everyday cleaning, and partly to the dust-laden air 'which is natural gray in color. This dust will begin to collect on your carpet the day it is laid. Even with the daily and weekly care recommended, light colors will probably become soiled. This is serious when light colors are used where traffic is heavy, or where the air contains large quantities of greasy soot and dust from home furnaces and industrial plants which burn coal. The grease and tar content of these dirt particles, often as high as 10 per cent, causes them to cling tenaciously to the pile fibres, and even daily use of an electric cleaner may not remove all of them.

This grease-laden dust may cause some discoloration in light colored carpets. For instance, a delicate rose carpet, as it becomes soiled, will gradually lose its rose tone and change to a neutral taupe shade. A light blue carpet may change to a dull gray-green. Such apparent loss of color often causes alarm, because it is mistaken for permanent discoloration or fading. However, the original color and tone can be restored by professional dry cleaning or shampooing. Cleaning of this type is the only remedy for such a condition.

Spots and Stains

Many spots can be removed without too much difficulty buteyou must act promptly. Once spots have set they are very hard to take out.

The most common method of removing grease spots or spots of a similar nature is through the use of carbon tetrachloride or a. soapless lather cleaner. Saturate the spot with the cleaner and then sponge with a clean absorbent cloth. Best results can be obtained by working from the outer edge to the center of the spot.

If alcoholic or soft drinks are spilled on wool fioor covering, immediately apply plenty of fresh, clean, cold water and squeeze it as dry as possible using clean cheese cloth. If you do not get it all out the first time, repeat the process. But be sure you rub with the pile, not against it.

Stains or spots caused by pets are best treated by using a warm solution of diluted acetic acid or white vinegar. Saturate the stain with one of these solutions and blot up with a cloth or white blotting paper, Under no circumstances try to wash the stain out. This will only make it worse. If the stain is very bad and apparently cannot be removed, the color can be restored by stippling or painting the yarn with dye in

solution with denatured alcohol by a professional rug cleaning concern.

Burns and Holes

Occasionally lighted cigarettes, cigars or live ashes may be dropped on carpets. Unlike many other materials wool will not burn with a bright fiame, it will only smoulder and char. This causes a hole in the surface which can easily be repaired by sewing in new tufts.

Moths are the frequent cause of much damage to wool fioor coverings. However, if carpets are cleaned regularly with an electric cleaner and exposed daily to light and air, there should not be much trouble, The places to watch are under cabinets, dressers, long chests, radiators or other heavy furniture which is not generally moved. The best preventive is, of course, frequent cleaning both of the surface and occasionally the back, moving the heavy furniture at regular intervals. Further protection can be given the danger spots as mentioned by the use of a good moth-proofing, or moth-repellent solvent solution. If rugs are to be stored, or if certain rooms are to be closed for a period, the fioor coverings should be completely and thoroughly cleaned, face and back, with an electric cleaner. They may then be sprayed with a solvent-type moth-proofing or moth-repelling solution, or sprinkled evenly with a moth-repelling material, such as naphthalene or paradichlorobenzene.

Allow about 1 pound to each 108 square feet of carpet area. Roll the carpet or rug immediately, wrap it in heavy brown paper, and seal the edges with heavy gummed tape.

Wool lint and hair accumulation in door cracks and under the quarterround and base boards provide a fertile breeding place for moth larvae. Dog or cat hairs, if allowed to accumulate, will also furnish food for these insects. A program of good housekeeping which includes regular cleaning, will prevent such sources of moth infestation. It might also be desirable to have your rugs motheproofed by a professional cleaner as part of the commercial cleaning process.

Maintain Moisture

The wear life of carpets can be materially increased if the proper amount of moisture is kept in the atmosphere.

The amount of moisture varies inversely with the temperature. When the thermometer reading for temperature goes up the hygrometer reading for moisture weight goes down. This action is very definite. High temperatures with accompanying low relative humidity cause many complaints about wool pile fabrics. It is vital to health as well as wool pile fabrics to add moisture to the air used in theatres, homes, business places, and offices. The higher the temperature of the air the greater the amount of moisture is needed to obtain the same relative humidity. One authority strikes an average with the slogan that you must ifevaporate a gallon of water per room per day against artificial heat."

In a simple form, the problem reverts to the ability to evaporate this needed water. Exposure of water in heater containers, radiator pans, fish globes,

1947-48 Theatre Catalog, 6th Edition, Page 280