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1947-48 Theatre Catalog, 6th Edition, Page 281 (267)

1947-48 Theatre Catalog, 6th Edition
1947-48 Theatre Catalog
1947-48 Theatre Catalog, 6th Edition, Page 281
Page 281

1947-48 Theatre Catalog, 6th Edition, Page 281

iiowerbowls, plant jars, and the like will be helpful. Without any attention to this need some areas will register below 20 per cent relative humidity, causing ill health to occupants and floor covering complaints, all the way from fiufiing to aggravated crush pile. Forty per cent to fifty per Cent relative humidity is ideal in heated areas. Below this figure the heavy wool yarns will be robbed of moisture weight and bulk, 3 An indoor temperature of 68 degrees with a relative humidity of 42 per cent is accepted as an ideal condition for personal health and the preservation of furniture and home furnishings. A higher temperature with lower humidity is not only more expensive to maintain, but it is harmful particularly to nose and throat membranes and to all fabrics.


The care and maintenance of wool floor coverings can be broken into three classifications: (1) daily care, (2) weekly care, and (3) periodic or seasonal clean ing. Daily Core

Daily care should include the use of a carpet sweeper and even the vacuum cleaner on each carpet, particularly in frequently traveled areas and near street entrances. This is very important since dirt and grit, unless removed, will work down into the back of the fioor covering and with continued grinding, may cut the threads and materially shorten the life of your carpet.

A soft bristled broom can also be used abut a word of caution: do not sweep in a harsh manner-4f you do use a broom, sweep with a light touch and always sweep with the pile.

Weekly Care

The volume of business (number of patrons) and the hours of operation, not forgetting outside weather conditions, determine the frequency of cleaning of the areas of little traffic. At any rate all areas should be thoroughly cleaned with a vacuum cleaner once a week, or twice if the occasion demands. .This cleaning is necessary in order to remove any dust deposited by the air and to guarantee the elimination of moth eggs and all forms of insect life which thrive on animal fibres like wool.

Periodic Care

This type of care and cleaning con sists mostly of maintaining the general surface appearance of the fabric, at times other than the daily or weekly schedule. It would include any needed repairs to the carpet plus a yearly cleaning by a professional cleaner. In the intervening period, though, it might be necessary to brighten the pile surface Which may have become soiled or discolored. This can be easily accomplished by the use of organic solvents such as the common quick evaporating cleaning fluids, without damage to the fabric or colors. The area, however, must be well ventilated so that the vapor from the fluid is removed immediately.

Absorbent powders may be used efe fectively for surface brightening. Cleaning materials of this type have an important advantage over fiuid cleaners. They do not leave a ring and therefore


the contrast between the cleaned and uncleaned portions of the carpet is less noticeable. Soap solutions are to be avoided because of slow drying and the deposit of residual fats which tend to collect dust rapidly. However, soapless lather solutions have been used very successfully. Ammonia solutions may change or remove colors, and are to be avoided.

This cleaning program is adequate for most carpets and most exposures, but certain fabrics may require additional cleaning. In this group are light colored, or white and luster type rugs, in which the luster is produced by complete cleanliness of the fibres all the way to the base of the pile tufts. In such cases the cleaning should be entrusted to a professional carpet cleaner who uses adequate and modern equipment.

Satisfactory results can be obtained by giving a wet shampoo treatment while the carpet is on the floor. However, the job can be done more thoroughly in a cleaning plant. Never try to wet shampoo it yourself. Such dangers as soapy cleaners, or excessive water getting

through to the back are present even when the professional cleaner does the job.

Never shake small rugs by gripping them at one end and snapping the other.

Never beat any wool fioor covering on a flat surface or suspended over a line. This subjects the fabric to undue strain which may result in breaking the backing yarns, and the consequent loosening and possible 105s of the pile tufts. It may also result in the breaking of the fringe or serging.

In cleaning white or pastel color carpets with a carpet sweeper or vacuum cleaner be sure that all parts of the cleaner which come in contact with the pile surface are free from dirt and grease. This can be accomplished by the use of a cloth moistened with carbon tetrachloride or such parts, before the cleaning is started.

Should the serging or binding tape on your wool floor covering become loose, instructions for its repair can be obtained by writing to the manufacturer.

Identification labels should be left on your rugs or carpets for reference purposes.

If the corners of a floor covering begin to curl, apply a hot iron to a damp cloth on both the face and back of the carpeting at the corners. Another reinedy for this condition is sewing cardboard triangles underneath the unruly corners. A strong linen thread should be used for sewing the cardboard to the rug.

CHENILLE WEAVE, of custom order, has as its striking characteristics its heavy woolen back. This makes the fabric almost a complete animal fiber product which might be needed to resist dampness. This same heavy cushion will guarantee greater wear to the same amount of surface yam. Crosssection drawinq shows a four-shot Chenille weaVe, with two welt shots passing over the catcher thread.
1947-48 Theatre Catalog, 6th Edition, Page 281