> > > >

1947-48 Theatre Catalog, 6th Edition, Page 515 (499)

1947-48 Theatre Catalog, 6th Edition
1947-48 Theatre Catalog
1947-48 Theatre Catalog, 6th Edition, Page 515
Page 515

1947-48 Theatre Catalog, 6th Edition, Page 515

published by the Eno Foundation for Highway Traiiic Control.4

Licensing Procedure

The cities that exercise the most extensive control over parking lots require that a license be secured. An open parking station is generally defined as itany plot, piece, or parcel of land used for the purpose of storing motor vehicles where the owner or person storing such vehicles is charged a fee and shall include plots Where shelters that are not completey enclosed are erected and which are open to the general public."

Most cities do not require a license for lots of less than ten-car capacity. One city provides short-term permits but not for less than two months, the fee to be one-tenth of the annual fee for each month.

Information usually required in order to obtain a license includes: capacity of lot, hours of operation, rates to be charged, and information concerning the individual or organization requesting the license.

Several cities require that the names of parking lot employees be filed with the city. Some cities require a special badge for each employee while others require that all parking lot employees have driversi licenses.

License fees vary over a wide range, most of the cities basing their requirements on the capacity of the lot being licensed. Cleveland, Ohio, charges a fee of $1 per year regardless of the size of the lot, whereas Kansas City, Missouri, has a fee of $1 per year per car capacity.

Signs Required

Parking lot operators are required to maintain at each entrance permanently fixed durable signs setting forth in legible lettering the name and address of the licensee, the hours of the day and night the place is open, the rates charged, and the closing hour.

Where more than one rate is charged for parking, all figures must be of the same size and dimension, generally not less than 6 inches in height and 3 inches in width. The signs are to be not less than 8 feet or more than 10 feet (12 feet in some ordinances) above the sidewalk, and such signs are not to carry any advertising or other matter except as required by ordinance.

Since these signs are usually erected as close to the street as possible, they must not be allowed to create a trai-Hc hazard by their size, design, or lighting arrangement. All signs should be subject to approval by the police chief or other specified city official. If the lot is a receiving station the sign must give the address of the station to which cars may be moved. '

Claim Cheeks

Many cities require that at the time a car is parked or accepted for parking, the person whose car is parked be given a distinctive check, numbered to correspond with the coupon placed upon the vehicle; the check to contain the name and address of the parking place and

*(irin F. Nolting, UThe Municipal Regulation of Privately Owned Parking Lots," 'I'ruflin Quarterly, July, 1947; page 268; lCno Foundation, Saugatuok, Connecticut.


1000 a 100 [.4 E 900 90 Z w 800 80 a 700 70 D m n: 600 60 g e

Z w . a . = E 300 x 00 a: id 3:: o. a, 400 40

E 3 300 30 e a

m 200 .0

Z ,5 100 10 a [2

10,000 to 25,000

2 5,000 to 50,000

50,000 to 100,000

100,000 and over

D Per cent requiring parking on same lot

Average maximum distance allowed from building to 101, where not on same lot

FIGURE ZeLocation of parking related to size 0! cities. An interesting relationship is shown between the size of cilies omd the maximum dislcmce from the building to be served al which parking iacililies may be located. In 77 percent of the cities with populations from 10,000 to 25,000, the facility must he on the same lot as the building; in cities of more than 100,000, Hie percentage is 33.

(in some cities) the make and license number of the vehicle parked. The form of the claim check usually must be approvod by the license commissioner or other official.

Physical Requirements

Parking lots are required to conform to certain minimum standards of layout and construction in many cities. The most frequently regulated physical requirement is the type of surface.

Washington, D. 0., requires that lots paved with impervious material be so graded and provided with approved drain that no drainage will fiow across the sidewalk. Baltimore, Maryland, requires the entire area of parking lots to be paved with a hard or semihard dustless surface.

Denver requires that if the parking lot is made of dirt, sand, cinders, or other loose material it shall be kept thoroughly sprinkled or treated with ,oil or some other substance so as not to be carried or blown into the streets, alleys, or other public places.

Parkingslot operators generally are required to keep sidewalks surrounding the parking space free from dirt, oil, ice, sleet, and snow, and in a safe condition for the travel of pedestrians. Operators are prohibited from shoveling snow or rubbish from the parking lot onto the sidewalk or into the street.


Open air parking lots generally are required to be enclosed with a suitable fence, wall, or other barrier so that vehicles cannot be removed except through regular entrances and exits. Some cities permit only one entrance and one exit which may or may not be combined, and all openings must be properly attended during the time the lot is in operation.

Lots that adjoin an alley may use the alley as one entrance or exit unless barriers are deemed necessary by the city. The erection of a fence, coping, or barricade on lots abutting public space generally must be done under permit from the city engineer. s

Regulations on curb cuts and driveways are adopted separately rather than included in the parking lot ordinance. The usual procedure is to require that an application be submitted, with detailed information including plans drawn to scale. The driveway width allowed ranges from 16 to 30 feet at the lot or sidewalk line. Where application is made for more than one driveway, an investigation is usually conducted to consider the amount of pedestrian and vehicular trafiic on the street and sidewalk adjacent to the property.


This paper has attempted to outline the requirements imposed upon parking lots by cities. Zoning ordinances requiring off-street parking are daily becoming more popular. The great demand for parking spaces requires that cities impose certain regulations in order that existing facilities may operate as eiiiv ciently as possible.

No attempt has been made to prove the existence of a problem in providing parking facilitieseethis was covered in a commendable manner by the American Automobile Association in the 1946-47 edition of the THEATRE CATALOG (pages 14 to 26). Rather is this presentation offered to point out to theatre operators the attitudes of cities with respect to private parking facilities, in the hope that a review of such policies and attitudes may assist theatre owners and operators in properly providing offstreet parking facilities in connection with their enterprises.
1947-48 Theatre Catalog, 6th Edition, Page 515