> > > >

1948-49 Theatre Catalog, 7th Edition, Page 178 (167)

1948-49 Theatre Catalog, 7th Edition
1948-49 Theatre Catalog
1948-49 Theatre Catalog, 7th Edition, Page 178
Page 178

1948-49 Theatre Catalog, 7th Edition, Page 178

Cosi More often than not, an insufficient sum is included in the remodeling budget for wiring. Unless the wiring system has been kept up to date through the years, the cost of making the wiring system safe and in accordance with the requirements of the newer codes and the underwriters, will be high, Even though the owner may not wish to concern himself with these requirements, he may find that an authorized inspector will insist on certain changes in the system before issuing a permit for continued operation.

It is, therefore, much better in the long run to make a thorough investigation before the budget is made up, and be sure that sufficient amounts are included.

On the other hand, it is possible, with an intelligent layout of the new lighting, to cut down on the total wattage used under the existing conditions, and thereby, over the period of a few years

a more than recover the cost of the new

electrical work.

Most Economical Rafe

It is advisable, even if no change in the electrical wiring is deemed necessary, to confer with a representative of the utility company servicing the building, and in conjunction with the architect or engineer, determine whether or not the proper metering hookup is in effect and whether or not the bills for electric current used are being rendered under the most economical rate. All companies have several different rates, one of which will be the most economical in each particular case. A change in the rate will most definitely occur in case additional motors for air conditioning, etc., are being installed. Special attention should be paid to the demand charge, which is often neglected, and is a definite charge each month by the power company based on the connected load, or determined by the installation of a demand meter. This subject is perhaps too technical to go into further here, but the owner should be aware of this condition and know definitely what the demand charge is, and have the metering checked by a competent electrical engineer, and act on his advice. One saving can generally be made by arranging to disconnect the large motors on the air conditioning equipment during the months when cooling is not required.

Current-Saving Dimmers

If it is necessary to replace the wiring in the auditorium proper for any reason, a considerable saving in the cost of installation of the wiring can be efe fected if these lights are controlled by the auto-transformer type of dimmers, which are different from the resistance type, in that they allow only that amount of current which is actually being consumed at the thures to be used. With this type of installation only one wiring circuit is required to the fixtures, which can be dimmed from ((full on" down to noutli for the picture, lighting. rllhis equipment can be either hand operated or automatic.


Emergency Lighting

For emergency lighting as required by all codes, two 500-750 watt outlets in the main ceiling, connected to the emergency panel, and with a secondary control by the installation of three-way switch in the janitoris closet or where it is accessible to the night cleaners will serve the requirements for both emergency service and cleaning illumination.


This section discusses chairs and their installation in the auditorium; and the laying and sewing of carpets. Both chairs and carpets, if properly selected and installed, can add greatly to the theatre-goofs satisfaction and enjoyment of the show.

New Chairs

In most cases of theatre remodeling the subject of new chairs or seating will be considered. If new seats are to be

installed, the existing seating arrangement should be checked, with special attention given to the spacing between the rows. If the present spacing is less than thirty-two inches from back,to back, and no change in this spacing is contemplated, then the backs of the new seats should be of the type which will take up as little space as possible and still provide a certain degree of comfort. The thinnest seat back available would be a 5/16" plywood back. The thickness of seat backs increases from the above through many dili'erent types up to the thickest one which is the full doating spring back.


The different types of backs which are standard for theatre seating are as follows:

5Ho" Plywood, Plain

5/16" Plywood, Cabinet Roll Top

7/16" Plywood

3%; " Plywood

1/2 f/ Inserted Panel, Wood Margin

3%; " Inserted Panel, Wood Margin

Cabinet Frame


Metalclad Padded

THE 750 SEAT CITY. Granite City. Illinois. which Architect Leo F. Abrams designed for St. Louis

Amusement Company is equipped with American

"Bodiform" chairs installed by National Theatre

Supply Company. The 1149 seat Delmcm. Tulsa. Oklahoma. has 733 Ideal Slideback chairs on the main floor and 416 Ideal "Chief" model chairs in the balcony. Both present good examples of modem seating.
1948-49 Theatre Catalog, 7th Edition, Page 178