> > > >

1948-49 Theatre Catalog, 7th Edition, Page 179 (168)

1948-49 Theatre Catalog, 7th Edition
1948-49 Theatre Catalog
1948-49 Theatre Catalog, 7th Edition, Page 179
Page 179

1948-49 Theatre Catalog, 7th Edition, Page 179

Full Upholstered

Metalclad Spring

Padded Spring

Box Spring

Full Floating Spring

Not all seat manufacturers supply all types of seat backs as listed above, but the list covers practically all the types which are available. The type of back recommended for the spacing of less than thirty-two inches would be the padded back. This is of a very comfortable and rugged construction, and is considered by many to be the most comfortable, even surpassing the comfort of the different types of spring upholstered backs. This will, of course, not be evident in a casual trial of the different types, since, for example, the full floating spring backs may feel much more luxurious and comfortable at} the beginning than after two or three hours of continuous sitting.


As with the chair seats, theatre chair seats are furnished in several types of construction. The most commonly used are as listed below. viz.,

5/16" Plywood

7/16" Plywood

3%; " Plywood Padded (Squab)

Box Spring Semi-Spring-edge Spring Edge DeLuxe Spring-edge

The cost of the different type of seat increases in accordance with the above list. These different seat types can be furnished in combination with any one of the back types previously listed, but of course it would not be reasonable to use a plywood back in combination with a spring-edge seat.

Attention is called to the different types of seats and backs to indicate to the purchaser of theatre chairs that the different combinations available, together with the different types of upholstering fabrics can result in a considerable variation in the price of the seats, and therefore, the make-up of the different components of the seat should be investigated before deciding from price alone that one seat may be the best buy.

Other Chair Parts

The other parts which make up the standard theatre chair consist of the end standards, intermediate standards, and the arm rests. The standards are generally the same for all types of each manufacturerls seats. The arm rests will vary in price from plain wooden rests through upholstered with plain or latex padding.

Some manufacturers charge extra for each aisle light fixture required by the seating layout, and some furnish as many of these as is necessary without additional charge.

In addition to the types of backs and seats listed above there is also available in limited quantities and at rather advanced prices latex rubber upholstering for both units.

Seat Standards

Seat standards are furnished in various slopes at the bottom to coincide with the varying pitch of the orchestra

door. The front leg of the standard should never vary, the necessary accommodation to the pitch of the door being obtained by shortening or lengthening of the rear standard leg.

In cases where second-hand seats are being installed, the probabilities are that the standards will not have the proper slopes for the door on which they are to be re-installed. In such cases the steel washers as shims should be used under either the front or rear leg of the standard to bring the standard to a plumb position when permanently attached to the door.

In a case where seats originally installed on the orchestra door are to be re-installed in a balcony or mezzanine where the individual steppings will be level, this requirement will be specially evident. In addition to this adjustment, it may also be necessary to adjust the slope of the seat back to a more vertical position for comfort and also for spacing if the balcony has steppings more than twelve inches in height.

In this connection, it should be em p phasized that the proper installation of

theatre seating is most satisfactorily accomplished both as to the final results and cost, by mechanics who specialize in this particular type of installation.


The type of carpet best suited to the covering of theatre doors is that known as velvet weave. This is a short pile type, and especially woven to resist the hard .wear to which it will be subjected in this use. The designs which are available, in this type of carpet, are especially adopted to this particular use.

Sewing and Laying

There are a'few rules which should be followed in the sewing and laying of the carpet in order to gain the greatest amount of wear.

The spaces to be covered should be carefully measured, and the carpet sewed to the approximate pattern of the door in the shop in as large portions as will be convenient to handle, thereby reducing hand sewing on the job to the minimum. Seams should be avoided at the points of greatest wear, such as at the head of the aisles, and stair landings. In laying out the carpet for the standee space and the aisles, the widths should run parallel with the aisles and should be continuous from the start of the aisles at the stage to the REAR wall of the standee space or foyer behind the last row of seats. This may seem impossible in some cases but can generally be worked out by careful layout, and it will save many hours of repair at these heavily used points.

Carpet should always be laid over a forty-eight ounce hair felt lining, which will take up any roughness or depressions in the floor, producing much softer walking qualities and preventing excessive wear on the carpet. Stair carpeting should always be cut sufficiently long and turned under at the end so that it can be shifted the width of the tread, and thereby give double the wear.

Unless carpet strips have been inu stalled in the concrete doors, it will be necessary to drill these doors for wooden plugs approximately every six inches around the perimeter of the room and

at other points where tacking is necessary. With the exception. of .the selvage edge the carpet should be turned under when tacked, and care should be taken to see that the carpet is tightly stretched, and laying even during the tacking.

Check List of Equipment

Following. is a check list covering the. items of equipment necessary for the proper operation of a motion picture theatre:

Announcement Frames and Stands

Hold-out Posts

Hold-out Rails

Hold-out Ropes


Chairs (Theatre)


Decorative Painting

Directional Signs

Exit Signs

Display Frames

Exterior Signs

Changeable Letters

Lighting Fixtures

Electric Bulbs

House Drapes

Stage Drapes

Wall Fabrics

Acoustical Material

Fire Extinguishers and Axes

Furniture (House)

(Office) Lockers Picture Booth Equipment Projection Sound

Motor Generators Picture Sheet Horns Public Address System Rubber Mats Stage Rigging Ticket Chopper Ticket Machine Coin Machine Uniforms Vacuum Cleaners Cleaning Equipment Mops Brooms Rags Pails, etc. Towel Holders Waste Receptacles Sand Urns


As case histories, reported in THEATRE CATALOG prove, remodeling the theatre is frequently tantamount to erecting a new structure. Refurbished interiors and modernized exteriors accomplish the purpose of a new look without involving all the costs of a total building program.

Since remodeling the average theatre represents a major entry under the budget heading of "maintenance," the owner will naturally be interested in getting the job done right and holding expenses to a minimum. He can do this to best advantage when he has been made aware of necessary inspections, renovations and replacements which enter into all remodeling work.

The editors wish to point out that the preceding is a handy reference guide.

1948-49 Theatre Catalog, 7th Edition, Page 179