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1952 Theatre Catalog, 10th Edition, Page 18 (xviii)

1952 Theatre Catalog, 10th Edition
1952 Theatre Catalog
1952 Theatre Catalog, 10th Edition, Page 18
Page 18

1952 Theatre Catalog, 10th Edition, Page 18

imagination in form and color by the use of unique ideas in lighting which can be carried out with cold-cathode tubing and slimline lamps. Ceiling lighting can be accomplished with coves and con"cealed fixtures. A point to consider in concealed lighting is that bulbs and tubes should be positioned for easy cleaning and replacement.

Lobby Ceilings

If the lobby ceiling is in good repair, even though it may be trimmed with heavy plaster gingerbread, it may be a good idea to leave the ornamentation just where it is, and paint over it in just one color to subdue the detail work. Where the remodeling budget can stand it, of course, it is preferable to install a new ceiling.

Lobby Walls

The walls of the lobby are subject to great wear from the traffic passing through the lobby and from holdout crowds, and should be covered with a durable, hard-wearing material. The walls may be painted or covered with fabric, but hard surface panelling, though more expensive, will not show the wear as readily and will be much easier to maintain. Walls may be panelled with

coverings made of glass, plastic covered

wood veneer, linoleum, leatherette, or any of a great variety of such materials. These all have the advantage of being attractive, easily applicable and long wearing.

Lobby Floors

A variety of materials may be used to cover the lobby floor. Whether carpet, tile, marble or terrazzo is used, the effect should be pleasing and colorful. More than any other covering, carpet creates an atmosphere of warmth and cordiality, and is probably the least expensive covering.

Should a carpet with a large, prominent design be chosen, the over-all effect will generally be enhanced by a trim of plain carpeting around the walls and down the center of the lobby, where the holdout posts are set up. It is good practice to provide for some hard wearing surface such as rubber matting or non-slip asphalt tile at the doormanis station and just inside the exterior entrance doors, for these two locations receive much more wear than any other.

It may be found of advantage during the remodeling operations to set the duplex, base receptacles for the holdout posts in new positions or to install ceiling outlets for baby spotlights which may be used in highlighting lobby displays, and floor outlets for modern ticket choppers, if the old hand-operated type is still in use.

The manager can confer with the designer on any special crowd control problems, or any particular requirements of the lobby, before deciding on relocating holdout posts and rails. In fact, it is a good idea for the manager to talk over fully his ideas on the entire remodeling program with the designer, for it is the manager who best knows the theatre's problems, and it is he who receives directly suggestions and complaints from the patrons.


Lobby Doors

The doors between the lobby and the auditorium should be of the same number and size as those in the main entrance, but must be solid panels to shut out daylight and lobby lighting. The same type hardware used on the entrance doors should be used on the lobby doors: door closers, kick plates on both sides, push and pulls on all doors. One and a half pairs of butts are needed for each door if floor hinges are not used, and doors must have hold-open devices.

Thresholds are not needed if the same floor covering is to be used on both sides of the lobby doors, but metal strips or thresholds will be required if the coverings are different.

Air Conditioning

For cooling the air in the lobby, it is sound engineering to establish an independent air conditioning system in that section of the theatre, as the, loads vary to a large degree, and never require regulation as critical as must be maintained in the auditorium. In almost all cases, the individual unit air conditioner will serve best in the lobby.

The unit air conditioner, available in capacities ranging upward from one and a half tons is highly economical as regards duct requirements, and in most cases may be installed in the lobby without ducts.

Relative humidity and dry-bulb temperature, while important factors in auditorium air conditioning, are of practically no importance in conditioning the air in the lobby, as patrons remain in the lobby for only short periods of time, and while standing or moving about, persons'are not as sensitive to drafts and changes in temperature as those who are seated. A dry-bulb reading of from 12 to 15 degrees is satisfactory.

If remodeling the lobby is to represent a major alteration, provision should be made for space to store sign letters, rubber runner mats to protect carpets from muddy feet during bad weather, and miscellaneous items. Such space can usually be allotted close to the front entrance, and the expense of building a little storage alcove in the lobby will be quickly cancelled out by appreciable savings in the cost of carpet cleaning and staff labor.

Concession Stand

While the trend in concession selling seems to point tOWard the setting aside of a. special brilliantly lighted lounge for the sale of popcorn, candy and drinks, space limitations at small theatres seldom permit this, and the lobby is usually the location for the refreshment stand. The preferable spot for the stand is in the foyer, but, again, the space is not always available there.

Popcorn warmers measure about four feet high and three and a half feet wide, and tw0 feet deep. They require about 18 inches clearance in the rear. The average candy counter measures about three and a half feet high, one foot, eight inches deep, and at least four feet long. Space must be set aside for stock storage cabinets so that attendants may replenish stocks without leaving the stand. Cabinets should be metal lined

and have tight-fitting doors which can, be locked.

Of course, counters should be set back from the path of traffic so that those stopping to make a purchase are not in the way of those moving into the auditorium, but the counter should be located in a spot that is easily accessible from the line of traffic.

Electric outlets must be provided for lighting for the popcorn warmer and candy case, heat for the popcorn warmer, and if the candy case is situated directly adjacent to the popcorn warmer, insulation between the tw0 will have to be installed.

If space does not permit installation of a refreshment stand, at least candy vending machines should be provided for. Minimum dimensions for niches to accommodate two machines are five feet wide, one foot deep, by five and a half feet high. Again, electrical outlets are required for each machine.

Lobby Layout

In theatres where the entrance lobby is positioned at right angles to the standee foyer, the distance from the inside set of lobby doors to the standee rail and last row of seats should be as great as possible to be consistent with good layout, seating limitations and the size of the plot. In some theatres the lobby lies parallel to the standee area and seat rows, and is actually an extension of the standee foyer. Whatever the plan, the lounges, lavatories and stairs to the mezzanine, if any, should be accessible directly from inside the line of doors separating the lobby and the doormanis station from the seating areas. This arrangement makes for the best traffic control, both in theatres with a mezzanine and in one-floor houses. Ideally, lavatories and lounges should be situated on the main floor level, but space limitations will often make it necessary to locate these facilities on the mezzanine level or in the basement.

When such is the case, it is generally preferable to locate these facilities in the basement, and if the theatre has a mezzanine, smaller-scale lounges and lavatories should be provided on that floor.


Toilet Fixtures

Local building codes now establish minimum requirements for toilet fixtures, but it is advisable to provide for more than the minimum, and add an extra water closet to the ladies room and an extra urinal to the menls. A minimum of two washstands should be installed in each restroom, and additional ones installed in accordance with seating capacity. Division stalls are usue ally of marble, slate or metal finished in porcelain enamel or baked-on enamel. To prevent rusting and denting by mops, a stainless steel channel should be secured to the bottom edges of metal stalls.

Tile Experience has shown that ceramic

tile is by far the best restroom flooring material, and the best for use on

1952 Theatre Catalog, 10th Edition, Page 18