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1952 Theatre Catalog, 10th Edition, Page 29 (xxix)

1952 Theatre Catalog, 10th Edition
1952 Theatre Catalog
1952 Theatre Catalog, 10th Edition, Page 29
Page 29

1952 Theatre Catalog, 10th Edition, Page 29

Plastering or finishing the walls and ceiling of the stage is neither necessary nor desirable, since they are obstructed from the view of the audience by the stage set, but there should be some provision in the construction of the stage ceiling for the hanging of borders, tracks and other stage equip ment.

Stage Drapes

The usual complement of stage draperies for a theatre of medium size is a screen curtain about one foot in front of the screen, a main valance directly behind the proscenium arch, and two in #

What to do with the stage sometimes poses a problem in the remodeling project. Sometimes it is advantageous to tear down the upper part of the stage house where a full stage exists in. order to reduce maintenance and heating costs. But i/ the stage is in good repair, and the gridiron is in usable condition it is desirable to retain the stage. Even though the motion picture theatre is designed primarily for the showing of films, it will be found necessary at some time to have some sort of platform for speeches or promotional activities which are an adjunct to theatre operation, or a future change in the housels policy may necessitate a stage for live shows.

termediate sets of masking borders and legs, so placed and or 8111.11101th width and (lean as to mask on stage space from the front row of seats. An additional main proscenium curtain may be installed directly behind the valance, if desired.

New Type Screen

it might be well to consider the installation of the fairly new Hlight-surround' type screen Which was desrgned to increase realism of the prOJected image, and give more viewmg comfort by pronumg truer and more pleasing tones in color images. The screen features srde and top panels which pick up diffused Jlglit from the projected image, thus eliminating the need for the conventional black masking. With this blight-surround" 0r ulioating" screen, the screen is a source of running illumination for the auditorium. The illumination thus controlled by film density, is dilfused by the walls and ceiling of perforated metal in saw-tooth formation, with facing toward the screen at wider angle than that toward the rear, SO that light is directed across the auditorium in a forward plane, and out of the eyes of patrons.


EXit doors have long been a source of bother to the theatre management, particularly those which open into isolflted exit courts, as they offer temptation. to gate crashers. Because of the panic hardware required for securing these dOOI'S, they are more easily opened


from the outside than regularly locked doors, and young hoodlums are quick to discover this. If the exit doors are unopenable from the outside, the proce Sa/ety in event of emergencies and security against gate-crashing hoodlums are the prime considerations in appraising the condition of exit doors to determine the extent of alteration or replacement they will require to bring them up to modern standards. The theatreman should be prepared to replace old exits with up-to-date, panic-proof and fireproof installations, recondition the exit courts, and possibly install an electrical alarm system on the doors, if these features have been neglected in the past. In the interest of safety, steps and steep ramps leading into the exit courts should be eliminated.


(lure has been for one member of a gang to pay admission, then surreptitiously unlatch the doors for his buddies to sneak in. Since few theatres have sufficient ushers to police the exit doors, it is recommended that an electric alarm system be installed connecting these doors with a signal in the managers odice and sounding an instant warning when the exit doors are tampered with. Most old theatres will require new exit doors. These should be either of hollow sheet metal or kalamein, and must carry an underwriterls "Cil label. While it is difficult to obtain a labeled, flush-type kalamein door, this type is preferred over the paneled variety as it holds up mueh better under severe weather conditions. In the paneled type door, water will seep behind the mouldings, eSpecially at the bottom rail. If it is not possible to obtain flush-type doors, the paneled type may be weatherproofed by applying a 14-gauge sheet metal panel to the outside surface, and Weatherstripping completely around. As mentioned earlier, side exit courts have to be put in condition that will provide safe passage in event of an emergency, with such improvements possibly entailing new paving and improved drainage. If a new floor is to be installed in the auditorium, it may be possible to adjust the level of the floor to the court exit, thus eliminating the danger posed by steps and steep ramps.

SERVICE ROOMS Manager's Ollice

The manager works long hours in the preparation of various forms and in handling large amounts of money every day. He also must confer with newspaper advertising representatives, prospective employes and vendors. These duties must be kept in mind when his office is planned.

The managers office should be situated so that it is accessible to outside visitors and the public areas of the theatre, and should be connected by means of an inter-communicating telephone with the boxofiice, projection room, doorman, assistant manager, treasurer and stage. As most incoming calls can be taken by the cashier, the

outside telephone should be an extension from the boxofiice phone with a buzzer from the boxoflice. The doormanls station should be equipped with a buzzer to signal the manager in case of an emergency. The office must measure at least 10 feet by 12 feet, and in larger theatres should be extended with an outer office and an adjoining office for the assistant manager or treasurer. Floors can be covered with carpet, linoleum, or asphalt tile, and the walls and ceiling can be of plaster with base, chair rail and picture mould.

Locker Rooms

Most average sized theatres require three locker rooms-one for the cashiers and uniformed female help, one for the ushers and other uniformed male help, and one for the cleaners. Each of these rooms should be large enough to accommodate a locker for each per

It is quite possible that when the theatre was originally designed inadequate provisions were made for such behind the scenes operations as servicing, storage, and management. The remodeling project o#ers the opportunity to remedy any such long standing oversights. Attention in this regard might be directed toward improving the manageris office, cashiersi locker room, ushersi locker room, cleanersi room, sign and lamp storage spaces, electrical control room, janitofs closets, fan and airconditioning rooms, boiler room, and attic space.


son using the room, a dressing bench and mirror, and a lavatory.

As all three locker rooms will most likely be in the same general area, structural glazed tile can be used for partitions, with both faces glazed. Floors may be covered with asphalt tile or linoleum.

Cleaners' Room

A cleaners' room for the cleaning women who ordinarily work at night, should be finished similar to the locker rooms, and should have in the room or in an adjacent area, space for the storage of pails, mops and other cleaning equipment.

Each level where mopping is required should have janitor-Vs closets with a slop sink and storage shelves. Glazed structural tile is preferable in these spaces as it is easiest to keep clean.

Electrical Control Room

The electrical control room should be located near the front of the theatre to reduce the length of the branch circuit runs and to eliminate local switching for the lobby and foyer lighting. Also, this room may be used for storing standee posts and ropes. The electrical cone trol room should be large enough to accommodate and allow easy access to the general lighting panel, sign lighting panel, and the power panel. If a storage battery emergency lighting system is to be added, additional space will be required for the batteries, racks and charger.

1952 Theatre Catalog, 10th Edition, Page 29