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1953-54 Theatre Catalog, 11th Edition, Page 195 (159)

1953-54 Theatre Catalog, 11th Edition
1953-54 Theatre Catalog
1953-54 Theatre Catalog, 11th Edition, Page 195
Page 195

1953-54 Theatre Catalog, 11th Edition, Page 195

WOODEN FLOORS WHEN properly maintained will last a lifetime and longer. its inherent richness and mellowness has made it a favorite.

flour, and pigments, applied to a canvas burlap, or felt backing, and pressed into sheets between heated rollers.

Linoleum comes in rolls, usually six feet wide and in varying thicknesses and guages. It also is available in tile form.

Installation cost is minor, and when replacement becomes necessary new linoleum is laid quickly and easily. Linoleum is very Hexible and pliable, and will conform to minor variations in the underdooris surface, although such variations usually produce worn spots in time. It provides a quiet floor and is comfortable underfoot, which makes it particularly desirable for establishments where people must be on their feet for long periods of time. It is dense and resilient, with a high resistance to abrasion.

Available in an extremely wide range of colors and patterns, as well as in grades scaled to meet varying budgets, linoleum is an attractive and deservedly popular Hoor covering. Recent developments in pigments, especially in reds and blues, now have overcome the discoloring of linoleum previously caused by the alkaline action of many soaps.

Installation and, MaintenanceeWhile linoleum is not difficult to install, it is

\' desirable to have an experienced floor

contractor do this work. After the floor has been laid and rolled, it should be allowed to set for several days, before treatment, to insure a firm surface. All linoleum manufacturers recommend waxing, since wax fills the pores, making the surface more resistant to moisture and stains, and greatly simplifying cleaning.

New linoleum often has an oily film on the surface, which must be removed so that the wax will cover evenly. To remove dirt and the oily film, clean the surface, and after cleaning apply a clear water rinse. When the fioor is dry, two or more coats of anti-slip waterproof wax should be applied for a safe, attractive and long-lasting resilient finish. The wax is easily applied with an applicator or short-string mop. Each coat will dry in approximately 30 minutes. After the last coat is applied, polishing with a door machine will give added lustre and a longer wearing wax film. Some floors are very porous and may require several more wax coatings to produce a smooth, attractive surface. Care should be taken to insure complete drying of each film before succeeding coats are applied.

Since linoleum is subject to indentation, movable furniture placed on this dooring should be equipped with special nondenting casters. If the furniture is stationary, it should be fitted with furniture rests to distribute its weight over a wider area of contact with the door.

When linoleum has deteriorated or faded in color because of faulty or inadequate maintenance, and replacement is impractical, the following procedure is recommended to restore its appearance and serviceability. Prepare the surface for treatment by cleaning it thoroughly. After the floor is dry, including the seams, a coat of asphalt tile preserver should be applied. This will restore color and beauty to the door. The porosity of the floor is also reduced, and minute scratches which detract from the fioorts appearance and make maintenance difficult will be made smooth by this treatment. Two coats of wax will increase the lustre and wearability of the floor.

I-lNOLEUM HAS A minor installation cost and is laid quickly and easily. It is very flexible and comfarms to minor variations in floor surface.

Floors already in use may be treated much the same as new linoleum, following the same cleaning and application instructions described. Linoleum protected by anti-slip floor wax will require only dust mopping or vacuuming, and an occasional polishing to keep it clean and attractive under normal conditions. If desired, it also may be washed periodically with water and a safety cleaner, provided the moisture is removed from the surface after washing and rinsing.

Never use a harsh alkaline cleaning agent on linoleum. Excessive alkali will combine chemically with the oil used in making linoleum, to form a soap-like mixture which breaks down the structure of linoleum. More linoleum is ffwashed out" than wears out. Another thing to be avoided in the care of linoleum is the excessive use of water, as it may seep underneath and loosen the linoleum from its backing. Hot water should never be used as it is injurious to linoleum doors. Care should be exercised in buffing. Harsh brushes should not be used, nor should buffing be carried to the degree of rubbing off the surface. Penetrating seals or varnishes should

Irregularities of any kind should he noted before shampooing is started. Next. (3) determine the pile direction by rubbing With your fingertips. It's important that the shampooing machine should lay plie. not raise it.

WHEN SHAMPOOING CARPETS YOU (1) vacuum thoroughly. It dirt or mud is heavily caked in the pile, it should be broken by brushing it. Then (2) test the colors for fading, dry rot, stains or any moth damage.

1953-54 THEATRE chums 159
1953-54 Theatre Catalog, 11th Edition, Page 195