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1953-54 Theatre Catalog, 11th Edition, Page 197 (161)

1953-54 Theatre Catalog, 11th Edition
1953-54 Theatre Catalog
1953-54 Theatre Catalog, 11th Edition, Page 197
Page 197

1953-54 Theatre Catalog, 11th Edition, Page 197

Irregularities of any kind should be noted before shampooing.

There are three basic tests commonly used to determine the effect of certain shampoos on colors. (1) Rub a damp towel over the carpet. On a majority of materials you will find this test sufficient and colors unaffected, in which case you will be perfectly safe in using a quality shampoo preparation. (2) If the first test runs the colors, use a weak ammonia test solution-26 degrees. If colors are unaffected, a very mild alkaline solution may be used, (3) If colors run in the ammonia test, use a 28 per cent acetic acid solution. If the colors hold fast, a synthetic detergent with or without added sour should be used.

Determine Pile DirectionaThis is done by rubbing the pile with the fingertips. It is important because the machine, in completing each lap, should lay the pile, rather than raise it. To achieve this you must operate the machine against the pile, starting at the left corner and moving across to the right. Then, on returning from right to left to complete a lap, and because the brush revolves counter-clockwise, the forward edge of the brush will lay the pile properly.


For highly concentrated products add one part shampoo to 16 parts of lukewarm water. On this basis, one gallon of solution will shampoo about 80 to 100 square feet, depending on pile depth. These figures are for hard-water areas. In water with average softness, mix one part shampoo to 20 parts water and in soft water the ratio is one to 24.

In shampooing carpeting, it is important that you work in the proper direction with reference to the pile as previously mentioned. Select the proper "starting" left corner by facing in the direction whereby the pile lies from your right to your left. Remember, the brush rotates counter-clockwise, so raising or lowering the handle moves the machine to the right or left. Open windows a few inches top and bottom when commencing to shampoo; be sure the theatre is well ventilated unil carpeting has dried.

Streak-free MethodaWith a little practice you will be able to do an even, streak-free job. Correctly operated, the scrubber will contact the pile four times. In shampooing the first strip or top edge of the carpet, hold the machine so it hugs the top, assuring that you are shampooing the pile to the very edge. Low spots due to tacking Can be reached by further raising the handle. Turn on the solution and hold scrubber until foam is thoroughly worked into the carpet. Now move scubbor to the right over a path parallel to the edge of the rug. Turn off the solution when scrubber is approximately 18 inches from right edge of the carpet. Solution already released will flow down into the brush to coniplete the pass. For the return pass, return scrubber over the same path from right to left edge of the carpet with the solution turned off. Now repeat the procedure outlined to insure thorough cleaning of the top edge. Then lower the scrubber one full lap and proceed


with solution pass number three.

On all subsequent laps, lower the scrubber one full lap at the leit edge of the carpet for the next solut.on pass and raise the scrubber three-quarters of a lap at the right edge for the next return pass.

Cleaning Aisles-Since most aisles are too narrow to permit scrubbing on a plane from the lobby to the screen, it is necessary to make shorter passes, from one side of the aisle to the other. Such scrubbing often does not permit the operation of the scrubber in the correct relation to the direction of the pile. In such cases good results may be obtained by laying the pile while wet-vacuuming after scrubbing.

Immediately upon completion of shampooing with the scrubber, the pile should be brushed two ways, first up and then down. This can be done with a long-handled pile laying brush or with the vacuum machineis brush attachment. This reduces drying time considerably. If possible, avoid walking on the carpet until it is dry three to six hours.

It is important to vacuum the carpet carefully after it dries in order to remove sand and grit loosened by the scrubber and shampoo solution. Frequent vacuumings for seven to 10 days following shampooing will enhance the carpetis appearance.

Helps and Precaufions

Shampooing under radiators in corners and other areas that cannot be reached by the machine, should be done first with a small hand brush. Particular attention should be given these areas because they are usually the dirtiest. Dip the brush in a pail containing shampoo solution and. brush with a circular motion. When finished, throw away this solution; do not use it in the scrubber tank.

Extreme caution is required in shampooing twist weave pile surfaces in order to avoid removing the twists. Dilute shampoo solution one part concentrate to eight parts moderately warm water. Operate machine on a separate piece of carpet until the brush is thoroughly lubricated with foam, then work on twist weave surface, passing over surface rapidly. A warn brush or one with a softer fiber fill is recommended for use on twist weave carpets.

Sand and dirt in a carpet cuts the pile, causing a lint which very often goes unnoticed until the vacuum or scrubber dislodges it. When excessive lint is encountered, clean the filters and brushes frequently.

When possible, it is best to remove furniture before shampooing. However, furniture may be moved to one side while half of carpet is shampooed and moved into cleaned portion while doing the other half. If it is necessary to keep furniture on a damp carpet, place a piece of blotting paper, heavy cardboard or aluminum foil beneath each leg immediately. Any metal that rests on damp areas may cause rust stains.


The statement that in order to succeed in the motion picture theatre field it is necessary to start at the bottom, has a very practical application in the maintenance of a house. The floors, and materials that cover them, are an extremely important part of the decorative scheme. They help to establish part of the individual atmosphere that is found in every theatre. Because of this fact, every exhibitor who is thinking of putting new fiooring or carpeting into his theatre, should give serious thought to What his needs are. This article has attempted to give assistance with this problem.

THE VACUUM CAN be used to great advantage on the carpeted steps of a theatre. Most of the models on the market today come with special attachments that make them ideal for the cleaning of seats, walls, etc. An investment in the

right kind of cleaning equipment is worthwhile.



1953-54 Theatre Catalog, 11th Edition, Page 197