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1954-55 Theatre Catalog, 12th Edition, Page 196 (160)

1954-55 Theatre Catalog, 12th Edition
1954-55 Theatre Catalog
1954-55 Theatre Catalog, 12th Edition, Page 196
Page 196

1954-55 Theatre Catalog, 12th Edition, Page 196

MOONLIGHT UNIT showing arrangement of floodlights. Four additional iloodlighls at back of pole provide white light for D-l exit areas.

this manner, from the top of the screen tower, also lights the grounds beneath the tower. If the entrance to the theatre is by the screen tower, this overhead floodlighting will produce additional grounds lighting.

Play Areas

Scallops and other patterns of colored light on the outside of the fence also attract attention. Reflector color lamps, in appropriate housings on 6-foot centers and lsfoot from the fence, are one suggestion. For the drive-inis that have them, kiddies amusement parks provide a great deal of attraction, particularly if these amusement parks are situated so that the children in passing cars can see them. These play areas should be floodlighted; one PAR-56 fioodlight for every 30-40 square feet of ground area. Lighted in this way, children in passing cars will be sure to see them, even after dark, and illumination levels will be adequate for safety and enjoyment.


Rapid identification of the drive-in and its current attractions is facilitated with light. A large hlament lamp sign on the screen tower or above the attraction board identifies the theatre. A welllighted attraction board tells the motorist whatts playing. Large fioodlighted cutouts, both ahead of and in the entrance area will also tell him whatls plaving. These should be floodlighted with one PAR lamp for every 10 square feet of surface area.

Approaches to tho boxofiicc should be well lighted. A driver should not be able to make a mistake or become confused in trying to reach the boxofiicc from the highway. Conventional street lighting equipment is one method of lighting approach ways. Fluorescent street lights are particularly well suited. Controlled beams from spot or floodlights high on the screen tower are

AS THE CAR approaches the ticket booth of a drivedn. the driver should be able to easily identify the ticket sellers. as pictured here.

another method, provided the screen tower is near the entrance. Care must be taken, however, to insure that light from these units does not bother patrons or passing motorists. Low mushroom units or other ornamental units along the edge of a drive will also mark it so that the motorist knows where he's going. These should be no farther than 25-feet apart, and even closer on the outside edge of turns. Garden lighting techniques offer a fourth possibility.

Trees along the roadway can be sil- 7

houetted by placing PARs38 floodlamps behind the trunks and directing the light up into the foliage. Or, trees and shrubbery may be lighted directly from in front to provide a lighted hedge along the approach way. Mercury lamp floodlighting provides a distinctive color which is appropriate on foliage. Care should be taken in floodlighting large trees so that they do not become a distraction for patrons inside the drive-in.

As the car approaches the boxoiiice, the driver should be able to see and identify the ticket seller. A PAR-38 or PAR-46 spotlamp aimed at the ticket sellerls position will immediately identify this individual. An R-40 spotlamp should be aimed at the drivers window of the car to help the driver count his tickets and change. It will speed up traffic through the entrance.

Aids Parking

After the patron has paid his admission and has been asked to turn off his lights, the drive-in operator is responsible for enabling him to get safely to a parking place. Well-shielded reflector lamp downlights along the inside of the fence are a good method of lighting the roadway, at the same time permitting the patron to adapt his eyes to the semidarkncss of the parking area. Lighted ramp markers and portable directional signals are also available to help direct ti'aflic.

Natural moonlight from a full moon on a clear night (0.025 to 0.03 footcandles) is usually considered adequate for general illumination in a drivedn theatre, and would be enough light to guide the patron into an empty parking place once he was on the correct ramp. The drive-in operator has no control of ttnatural" moonlight, however. To provide drive-ins with a constant level of illumination during the show an artificial moonlight system has been developed. A lOO-foot metal pole is erected at the center of the last ramp with a number of Hoodlights located at the top. Two of these, directed at the center of the parking area, contain SOD-watt daylight lamps behind green cover glass: two which are directed at the sides of the parking area have 300-watt lamps and amber cover glass. These two groups of lamps are used during the show. The combination of colors is pleasant and the result is subdued enough to avoid distraction from the picture. The imposing height of the poles and the shafts of light add a much needed dramatic effect, actually giving the feeling of shafts of moonlight. While reflected light from the screen takes care of the front ramps, the moonlight system solves the problem of lighting the rear ramps. This system provides an artificial moonlight which is superior to natural moonlight because it is constant in light output, and practically no light falls on the screen,

Emptying Hie Drive-in

At the break and at the end of the last show extra illumination is needed to facilitate the patrons finding the concession area, as well as emptying the drive-in. The old practice of locating floodlights on the screen tower to light the parking area creates an unpleasant effect and uncomfortable glare. The tower for the moonlight system is a much better location and three 1,000watt floodlights can do an adequate job. A supplementary lighting system is also desirable. Lighting for the safety of fast moving automobiles at the exit can be provided by PAR-38 fioodlights on the top of the fence aimed downward and in the same direction as the flow of traffic. These lamps will also indicate the direction of the exit to the motorist who is still on the ramp. A PAR-56 spotlamp will help protect the person directing traffic, both at the drivevin exit and in the street outside.

Concession Building

PAR-56 spotlamps on top the screen and moonlight towers and directed at the concession building will provide the light necessary for identification of the snack area of the drive-in. (One-x for every 20 square feet of outside wall area). Another method is the use of R-40 downlights around the outside of the concession building. 150-watt reflector lamps are placed on 23-foot Centers under the outer edge of the concession building canopy, aimed 25 degrees from the vertical. If those lamps are on a



1954-55 Theatre Catalog, 12th Edition, Page 196