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1954-55 Theatre Catalog, 12th Edition, Page 235 (199)

1954-55 Theatre Catalog, 12th Edition
1954-55 Theatre Catalog
1954-55 Theatre Catalog, 12th Edition, Page 235
Page 235

1954-55 Theatre Catalog, 12th Edition, Page 235

was cut from a piece of Varlar, taking care that the pattern matched and pasted in place with Varlar adhesive. By cutting the patch so the cut followed the outline of a leaf or figure, a neat repair was effected. This repair was not visible from a distance of a few feet. With paint this type of repair is not as feasible due to the impossibility of getting a smooth plaster patch and of matching the color of the paint.

Tabor Abrusiml Tests-Test panels were prepared of N0. 24 guage cold rolled steel four inches square. Six of these were covered with Varlar using Varlar adhesive, six were given two coats of dat paint allowing 24 hours drying between coats and allowing 48 hours drying of the second coat before testing. Two coats of high gloss were applied to the last six panels and dried in the same manner as the flat paint. Sets of each of the three types of panels were than tested for abrasion, using the No. C-17 abrasive wheel and run up to 25 revolutions each. The second set was run up to 50 revolutions, and so on. Upon examination, both the fiat and the high gloss enamel were visibly abraded at 25 revolutions, whereas the Varlar

began to appear abraded at 125 revolutions.


Preparation of Walls

Before hanging the Varlar stainproof wall covering it is important that the walls be in perfect conditions. Newly plastered walls should be treated with a solution made of two pounds of zinc sulphate and one gallon of water. When dry always "glue-size" before hanging.

Old unfinished walls and old painted walls must be carefully repaired, all cracks, cuts or gouges cleaned and filled with plaster, and sanded smooth. All excess grease and excess dirt must be removed; "glue-size" old painted walls before hanging and treat old unfinished walls the same as newly plastered walls.

Old papered walls should have all old paper removed. If complete removal of the old paper is impractical, then remove all loose paper, sand all torn paper edges, lap joints or other bumps to a smooth finish, fill all cracks, and sand smooth. If the walls are canvas all loose spots, blisters or torn edges should be securely glued to the wall. If necessary cut and lift canvas, apply Varlar adhesive and roll down the edges smoothly and securely.

Metal walls must be welded at the joints to control expansion and contraction. Screw heads and recessed bolt heads must be filled. Then all raised welded places or bumps must be ground to a smooth flat surface. Wood and composition board walls should not have the wall covering applied to them except in panels so that Varlar does not cross an open joint. Application over a joint will be satisfactory only when joint has been recessed, bridged with wire screening which is securely fastened to both panels, nlled with plaster, and made level.


CUT STRIPS of Varlar (top left) to correct wall lengths from top

to bottom to allow for matching.

After pasting, fold one-half of posted wallpaper (top right) over on other posted Siam-Salvage edqol should match exactly. Trim selvoge with straight edge (bottom left) just before hcmgmg. Untold .top half of wallpaper (bottom right), and start hanging next to a window or a door, to get a neat )ob.

Excessive dirt and all grease should always be cleaned from wall before applying Varlar stainproof wall covering. Asphalt, or any similar type of gum should be removed from the wall. In most cases this can be done with kerosene or scraping. An absolutely smooth surface is required for Varlar application.

When Varlar is to be applied to walls touching tubs and wash basins, care should be taken to see that an eight-inch area of wall above the edge of basin or tub is in good repair. The entire area to be covered with Varlar around wash basins, tubs, etc, should be sized with

liquid cement and allowed to dry. Bare plastered walls, eSpecially those of new construction, must be tested for dryness of plaster. In standing shower stalls, the walls and ceilings to be covered with Varlar should be free of any surface projections or indentations. Inside corners should be sharp and plumb. Exterior corners of entrance jambs should be rounded if possible, Before application, these parts, especially any joints or repaired cracks or gouges, should be sized with liquid cement and allowed to dry.

Never hang Varlar on a stucco or sanddinished wall.

GREASE OR SCORE Varlar at ceiling line (upper left) and the baseboard line with hack of scissors. Release material lrom wall long enough to trim (upper right) along the scoring line for snug lit. Roll

down seams (lower left) to a very tight but ioint, alter adhesive hos thoroughly

set. also at ceiling and

base board line. You should then immediately remove excess adhesive (lower right) with a damp cloth.

1954-55 Theatre Catalog, 12th Edition, Page 235