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1954-55 Theatre Catalog, 12th Edition, Page 268 (232)

1954-55 Theatre Catalog, 12th Edition
1954-55 Theatre Catalog
1954-55 Theatre Catalog, 12th Edition, Page 268
Page 268

1954-55 Theatre Catalog, 12th Edition, Page 268

The Paramount" VistaVision Process

A Detailed Study of the Theatrical and Studio Applications of this Wide Screen Process with the Double-Frame Negative

BRIEF: This article offers a thorough summary of the VistaVision process . . . There is detailed information on the studio uses and applications of this process . . . dealing with such things as handling of the double-frame negative . . . the lenses which may be used on the cameras . . . lighting requirements . . . sound recording procedures . . . etc.

The second half of this article deals with the theatrical uses of the wide screen system . . . and covers many subjects which should be of great interest and value to exhibitors . . . and other interested parties . . . Such topics as booth procedure . . . stereophonic sound . . . aspect ratios . . . screen sizes . . . drive-in applications . . . and projector lenses are among the many subjects covered by the Paramount Research staff . . . headed by Loren L. Ryder . . . who prepared the mmerial used in this article.

Although it is likely that not everyone will agree with all that is said in this piece . . . it is important that all views be given the spotlight . . . so that the facts and arguments for each of the various new techniques may be heard . . . and allow the individual to make up his own mind about the merits of each.




Briefly, the VistaVision process includes new wider angle lenses to give greater scope on the big screens; new cameras through which the 35mm negative travels horizontally eight sprocket holes per frame, (instead of four) giv ing a negative image with an area of nearly three times the area of the standard negative image. The picture negative is Eastman Mazda color taking stock, It is processed by Technicolor and optically reduced directly from the negative to the Technicolor matrix, which in turn is used to stamp out the release print by the imbibition process. All release prints will have a single photographic sound track that will play on every standard sound reproducer the world over. Paramount does not con DO'ITED line shows comparison of VistaVision aspect ratio with old standard. Broken line is a comparison with the CinemaScope 2.55:1 ratio.

template the release of any pictures with either a separate or four-track magnetic film.

Production Technique

The technique of picture shooting with the VistaVision camera is the same as with any standard camera. '

The light level used on interior sets is between 350 and 600 foot-candles; with most shots running between 400 and 500 foot-candles. This is the same light level that has been in use at Paramount studios for over a year. The lenses are stopped to f:2.8 and f:3.2.

With respect to camera lenses, Paramount has found that standard motion picture lenses of 74mm and up, have adequate field coverage for use on the double-frame camera. High quality Leica type lenses are used for the shorter focal lengths. This includes lenses down to 24mm, which will give a photographic angle of coverage slightly above '75 degrees. Improved lenses are being designed which will include lenses of still shorter focal length. It is the writers opinion, however, that we are gaining an adequate angle of coverage.


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1954-55 Theatre Catalog, 12th Edition, Page 268