> > > >

1954-55 Theatre Catalog, 12th Edition, Page 269 (233)

1954-55 Theatre Catalog, 12th Edition
1954-55 Theatre Catalog
1954-55 Theatre Catalog, 12th Edition, Page 269
Page 269

1954-55 Theatre Catalog, 12th Edition, Page 269

FIGURE l illustrates the size 01 the negative in the VistaVision process. It a circle were photographed it would appear as illustrated.

The most important feature of VistaVision is the large negative, and its optical reduction to the standard print. In VistaVision this can either be accomplished by using a special wide film negative with the subsequent photographic reduction, or the horizontal eight-sprocket hole film movement as herein explained. Tests indicate that as we increase the size of the negative, we improve picture resolution, in the plane of focus and grain size reduction, but beyond a certain point we tend to lose depth of field. We believe that in our use of the VistaVision process we have selected the best ratio of negative area to positive area for motion picture making. We have established the negative width for optimum results, taking into account the image reduction factor and wide angle photography. At this width we have gained slightly in depth of field. The VistaVision system has a large gain in depth of field if the image height is maintained the same as on standard photography.

The finders on the VistaVision cameras carry a hairline marking in the aspect ratio of 1.66:1. There will also be a frame line marking for the 1.33:1 aspect ratio. The cameramen are instructed to compose for a loose (meaning adequate head-room) 1.66:1 picture. A picture composed in this way will play equally well at 1.85:1; it will play very satisfactorily at 2:1, and it can be played at the old standard 1.33:1.

The VistaVision cameras will be used for all future Paramount black and white pictures, as well as color pictures. It is contemplated that the same benefit will be derived on black and white that is now being gained in color photography.

The production picture dailies are optically printed directly from the large color negative to the standard 35mm image size. The reduction ratio is 1.63:1. Eastman color stock is now being used for all daily prints. The editorial and studio handling of these prints is exactly the same as the previous handling of daily, except that special negative numbers are placed on both print and negative for future negative cutting. The special numbering may be eliminated when there is enough time to modify a printer so as to print-through the negative numbers.

Sound Recording

In our work with stereophonic sound we have found that it is overbearing and gives too much eEect of movement for front seat listening, and it is of little value in the rear of theatre. Further, classical sterophonic sound tends to punctuate cuts, and detracts from the smooth flow of the pictured story.

Paramount suggests Perspecta Stereophonic Sound for the very large theatres, and for use by exhibitors who feel that they should have a stereophonic or directional effect.

FIGURE 2 indicates standard release print and outlines the various aspect ratios that can be used. Figure 3 is an anamorphic print.






As indicated before, all VistaVision release prints will have standard photographic sound tracks, which will play on any existing standard optical sound heads. These same sound tracks will also carry low frequency modulation at three different frequencies which will control the volume of the center and side loudspeakers, in those theatres that are equipped with Perspecta stereophonic sound control units.

These sound control units will cost abuot $800 plus about $500 for installation. In theatres that do not have auxiliary loudspeakers, it will, of course, be necessary to purchase extra loudspeakers and amplifiers. All houses that have been equipped for stereophonic reproduction can use directional sound by merely purchasing the integrator sound control unit.

The production shooting for VistaVision sound will be handled the same as on any monaural sound picture. At Paramount all production recording is done on 171/2mm film in the 65 pound suitcase recorders built by Paramount. All scoring will be single sound track magnetic with as much reverberant bigness as can be obtained. On future pictures, it is contemplated that all sound editing will be with striped magnetic 35mm film, and the magnetic cutting print will be used as the rerecording print.

All rerecording will be to a singlesound track magnetic master which will

. 2/1 1.472 X .997 lNCHES.

U U U U U U U UT] [TU]


have rerecorded (dubbed) with monaural monitoring. The single-track magnetic composite film will then be made stereophonic in the rerecording channel, using three horn systems and the necessary panning pots to gain any desired balance. A magnetic control track will be made during each review, and when a satisfactory review is obtained the control track will be combined with the rerecording master in the preparation of a photographic negative for release printing.

With respect to the foreign handling of sound for dubbed versions, we will keep the music, sound effects, and dialogue on multi-track magnetic for ship'ment to .the foreign studios for dubbing. The stereophonic effect for the foreign Perspecta Sound release will be effected at the time of foreign dubbing.

Release Printing and Distribution

All domestic, and possibly the foreign release prints, are to be made by a new imbibition dye transfer method which Technicolor has developed, and which is being introduced with the release of "White Christmath It will also be used on all subsequent VistaVision pictures.

The negative will be handled in 2,000 foot rolls corresponding to the 1,000 foot rolls of normal film. Negative cutting of Paramount VistaVision pictures will be the so-called A and B process, so that all dissolves and fades will be made from the original negative without duping.


TR .szL





1954-55 Theatre Catalog, 12th Edition, Page 269